fingerprint

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Related to genetic fingerprint: DNA fingerprinting, DNA profiling, Genetic sequence

fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The pure sample of virus that we have isolated, together with its genetic fingerprint, will be important resources as scientific organizations join forces on the development of an effective vaccine," she added.
There's a new test that can predict your chances of success with IVF through a genetic fingerprint in the womb.
But they said that understanding their genetic fingerprint would help them to quickly spot and track these strains if they spread further.
"It is believed that sea trout stocks in different rivers are genetically different and it should be possible to track individual river stocks throughout their lifecycles once a genetic fingerprint for that stock is established.
Experts have developed a "genetic fingerprint" technique that allows patients to be given their own unique cancer biomarkers.
Mr Green had his genetic fingerprint taken after being arrested in November last year - a move which sparked controversy after police raided his offices in the Houses of Parliament as well as his constituency base and home.
West Mercia Police said they wanted to take the genetic fingerprint of every male aged 14 to 40 living on the Hawkesley estate in an attempt to flush out the man who murdered father-of-three Mohammed Arshad.
West Mercia Police said they wanted to take the genetic fingerprint of every male aged from 14 to 40 living on the Hawkesley estate in an attempt to flush out the man who murdered father-of-three Mohammed Arshad.
A police trawl of serious offenders, whose genetic fingerprint is not on record, could extend to ex-convicts released from custody, she said.
The Home Office genetic fingerprint base, which has helped police solve a number of murder and sex crimes in the region, is expanding with new profiles.
Cook, starting a life sentence, was collared after advances in DNA technology enabled scientists to unlock a genetic fingerprint from evidence kept from the murder scene.
Scientists can obtain a genetic fingerprint from just a single cell, which can lead to the identi- fication of the criminal.