Sex

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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fish are characterized by the diversity of their sex determination systems, which are generally classified as genetic sex determination (GSD) and environmental sex determination (ESD).
However, there was some estradiol level left in the circulation even after aromatase inhibition which could be due to two reasons; firstly the blood sample was pooled where specimens of both the genetic sexes might have been present and alternately some estradiol level may be needed for maintenance of testicular activity since Cyp19 gene is highly conserved in fish [12].
Richardson provides us with important tools for analyzing the embedded cultural assumptions in genetic sex research--which is especially important, given the prevalence of "genomic thinking" in the twenty-first century.
"This has been scientifically proven by the latest studies on ovulation and genetic sex determination." Giving another example, Sheikh Akbar said the Prophet (PBUH) was reported as saying 'If the mother's substance was dominant, the child would have behavioural influence of the maternal uncles and if the father's substance was dominant, the child would have the behavioural influence of the paternal uncles.
The aim was to assign the genetic sex to the patient when possible.
Organ, Janes, and colleagues show that evolution of live birth in a species depends on the prior evolution of genetic sex determination.
Lack of production of specific hormones can cause the embryo to develop with a female body type regardless of genetic sex.
Genetic sex determination and RAPD marker segregation in the dioecious species sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.).
This highly dichotomous response to the estrogenic treatment after long-term exposure, which was strongly correlated to the histology and behavior--these dysfunctional males showed natural spawning behavior--gives good evidence these differential responses were determined by the underlying genetic sex. The interpretation that long-term exposure to estrogens suppresses male pattern sexual differentiation and arrests testes development rather than producing functional females is confirmed by earlier work on zebrafish (Hill and Janz 2003; Segner et al.
An individual's sexuality continuum starts with genetic sex, followed by the development of gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender roles.