Sex

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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fish are characterized by the diversity of their sex determination systems, which are generally classified as genetic sex determination (GSD) and environmental sex determination (ESD).
Richardson provides us with important tools for analyzing the embedded cultural assumptions in genetic sex research--which is especially important, given the prevalence of "genomic thinking" in the twenty-first century.
Organ, Janes, and colleagues show that evolution of live birth in a species depends on the prior evolution of genetic sex determination.
Lack of production of specific hormones can cause the embryo to develop with a female body type regardless of genetic sex.
Genetic sex determination and RAPD marker segregation in the dioecious species sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.
This highly dichotomous response to the estrogenic treatment after long-term exposure, which was strongly correlated to the histology and behavior--these dysfunctional males showed natural spawning behavior--gives good evidence these differential responses were determined by the underlying genetic sex.
An individual's sexuality continuum starts with genetic sex, followed by the development of gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender roles.
The extent of genetic sex determination was a matter of speculation (Coe 1943) until controlled crosses were first employed with the American oyster, C.
The higher the androgen level during the hypothalamic differentiation period the stronger the male behavior and the weaker the female behavior, irrespective of genetic sex.