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The articular branch of the descending genicular artery (supreme genicular) lies within the belly of the VMO, anastomosing with the medial superior geniculate artery at the level of the superomedial corner of the patella.
From the anatomical standpoint, it was the ruptured end of the lateral inferior genicular artery or its branch.
In the upper part of the fossa, the lateral and medial superior genicular arteries arise from the popliteal artery, while the middle genicular artery arises behind the knee joint.