Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A free gingival graft [12,13] was obtained from the right and left side portions of the palate, approximately 2 mm below the gingival margin.
Free gingival graft is a successful and predictable technique [19] that could prevent hard and soft tissue problems developed after implant rehabilitation [20].
In this clinical case report, the patient experienced discomfort, restriction during oral hygiene performance, and plaque accumulation after 30 days of use of the final prosthesis due to a lack of KM, requiring a free gingival graft. The free gingival graft, which was performed after placing of the final prosthesis, allowed the stability of the surgical cement, protection of recipient bed, and immovability of the graft and reestablished physiological functions once the patient was able to continue wearing the prosthesis.
The free gingival graft, after placing of the final prosthesis and diagnosis of pain and difficulty during hygienization of mandibular prosthesis, was effective in increasing the width of mandibular keratinized mucosa on the buccal side of the interforaminal area and provided an improvement in maintaining the health of peri-implant tissues, which allows for better oral hygiene.
Oncu, "Gingival graft prior to and after delivery of implant-supported prostheses," Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol.
Follow-up studies of free gingival grafts.J ClinPeriodontol.
There are numerous soft tissue grafting procedures which can be carried out to cover exposed root surfaces including lateral sliding grafts, free gingival grafts, connective tissue grafts, coronally repositioned flaps and in some cases guided tissue regeneration for treatment for the treatment of localized gingival recession using bioresorbable membrane or skin allograft.