Sex

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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gonadal sex differentiation in tilapia mossambica with special regard to the time of estrogen treatment effective in inducing feminization of genetic fishes.
Any animal with a standard length >18 mm (see Materials and Methods) whose external phenotype showed similar deviance from the typical hermaphrodite patterning was dissected to confirm gonadal sex.
[12.] Guiguen Y, Fostier A, Piferrer Francesc, Chang CF (2010) Ovarian aromatase and estrogen: pivotal role for gonadal sex differentiation and sex change in fish.
It was confirmed that no sex reversal was observed under these rearing conditions, as phenotypic sex was consistent with gonadal sex, as phenotypic sex was consistent with gonadal sex based on results of sacrificing 100 individuals randomly selected from each experimental batch.
Effects of estradiol-17b on gonadal sex differentiation in two species of salmonids, the masu salmon, Oncorhynchus masou, and the chum salmon, O.
Sexually dimorphic expression of a teleost homologue of MUllerian inhibiting substance during gonadal sex differentiation in Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus.
As noted earlier, phenotypic sex depends on gonadal sex. In order to understand how this occurs, you must become familiar with some of the major aspects of embryonic development.
Roach were exposed as embryos from fertilization up to 300 days posthatch (dph; to include the period of gonadal sex differentiation) or as postspawning adult males, and including fish that had received previous estrogen exposure, for either 60 or 120 days when the annual event of germ cell proliferation occurs.
Rather, sex is a complex constellation of characteristics that includes not only chromosomes but also "gonadal sex, internal morphologic sex, external morphologic sex, hormonal sex, phenotypic sex, assigned sex and gender of rearing, and sexual identity." The court approvingly quoted Johns Hopkins researcher and medical doctor William Reiner, who wrote, "The organ that appears to be critical to psychosexual development and adaptation is not the external genitalia, but the brain."
The initial work-up must include baseline gonadotropin levels (LH and FSH), gonadal sex steroids (testosterone, estradiol, and an drostenedione), and adrenal steroids (17 [alpha]-hydroxyprogesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate).
Influence of incubation temperature and gonadal sex on body size and locomotor performance of hatchling common snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina).
The Texas researchers suggest that theparthenogenetic lizard and fly, with their different origins and needs for a "male' presence, uncouple the tight association between gonadal sex and behavioral sex.