Graft

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Related to grafting: skin grafting, tissue culture

Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

References in periodicals archive ?
Table-2: Thermal analyses results of grafting on chitosan with some monomers.
The European Society of Cardiology Guidelines recently recommended BIMA grafting as a Class IIa indication for patients aged <70 years.[2] Moreover, a survival advantage with no increase in early mortality can be expected from BIMA grafting in patients aged ≥75 years.[3] Using a Cox proportional hazards model for 10-year mortality and 10-year major cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), Nicolini et al .[4] found that chronic kidney disease (CKD), male sex, age, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and SIMA usage (nonuse of BIMA) were predictors for late death, whereas CKD, male sex, age, and PAD were predictors of MACCE.
Grafting is a nonchemical alternative approach to reduce the crop damage resulting from soil borne pathogens and to increase plant biotic stress tolerance, which in turn increases crop production.
(We'll come back to these four passes later when we talk about top-to-bottom grafting.)
Graft compatibility was evaluated based on plant growth variables and by analyzing the vascular connection at the graft union region at eight years after grafting on to seedlings.
Beyond using a small rootstock to make a new tree, grafting can be used to makeover an existing tree--as when I cut back pear trees.
As such, grafting combinations involving species from the same family (apple, plum, peach, and pear trees) and from different genera (citrus) have been successfully performed for fruit production.
Lawton, "Successful management of unremitting spasm of the nongrafted right coronary artery after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting," Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.
In this article, based on authors experience we tried to use new grafting techniques which are simple and accurate to correct alar retraction.
After attaining proper surgical anaesthesia, the animals were positioned in right lateral recumbency and a wound of 5 cm x 2.5 cm size was created over anterior aspect of left of metatarsal region in both groups for grafting. Skin grafts were harvested from left lateral thoracic wall.