lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
All the birds in group 1 survived up to 7 days (100% efficacy) and had no clinical signs and gross lesions. However, the protective efficacy of cell culture adapted inactivated vaccine (G2), oil adjuvanted vaccine (G3) and commercial vaccine (G4) was 70%, 80% and 60%, respectively.
Gross lesions observed in the affected organs were evaluated according to differents methods and the microscopy methods used: Dungworth, Robinson and Grant.
Table II.- Relative organ weights (percent of the body weight) of broiler treated with different compounds at various concentrations of liver spleen and bursa and liver gross lesions.
The main gross lesion observed in livers condemned due to fibrosis was severe atrophy of the left hepatic lobe with hypertrophy of the right lobe.
Gross lesions including air sacculitis, salpingitis, putrefied eggs in ovary, and hemorrhages in trachea and lungs were detected.
No gross lesions compatible with any disease were found in any deer.
The most striking gross lesions were observed in terms of mucosal corrugations and chronic lymphadenitis of associated lymph nodes (MLNs) in the selected intestines.
Necropsy was performed on 2 adult goats; gross lesions were recorded and special attention was paid to the nervous system.
The most common gross lesions were moderately congested and edematous lungs, and a mild fibrinous exudate in the air sacs and lumen of the trachea.
Body we ights, bacterial isolation, gross lesions and histological lesions were recorded on days 1, 3, 5,7,14 and 21pi.
On the basis of the gross lesions and the appearance of the virus, we suspected that it was a member of the iridovirus family.