guilt


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Related to guilt: gilt

guilt

noun blame, blameworthiness, breach of law, censurability, corruption, crime, criminal activity, criminal deed, criminal offense, criminality, criminousness, culpa, delict, delinquency, deviation from rectitude, fault, felonious conduct, ill conduct, immorality, improbity, improper conduct, iniquity, law-breaking, malefaction, malfeasance, malpractice, misbehavior, misconduct, misdeed, misdemeanor, misdoing, misfeasance, misprision, noxia, offense, offense against the law, offensiveness, official misconduct, peccancy, reprehensibility, reproach, sin, sinfulness, transgression, turpitude, unlawful practice, unrighteousness, vice, viciousness, violation, violation of law, vitium, wrong, wrongdoing
Associated concepts: admission of guilt, finding of guilt, guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, guilt by association, nolo contendre, presumption of innocence
Foreign phrases: Cum par delictum est duorum, semper oneratur petitor et melior habetur possessoris causa.When there is equal fault on both sides, the burden is allays placed on the plaintiff, and the cause of the possessor is preferred. Quae sunt minoris culpae sunt majoris infamiae. Those things which are less culpable may be more infamous. Poenae suos tenere debet actores et non alios. Punishment belongs to the guilty, and not othhrs. Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitalibus quod non operatur idem in civilibus. That excuses or extenuutes a wrong in capital cases which would not have the same effect in civil suits.
See also: blame, criminality, culpability

guilt

responsibility for a criminal or moral offence deserving punishment or a penalty.

GUILT, crim. law. That quality which renders criminal and liable to punishment; or it is that disposition to violate the law, which has manifested itself by some act already done. The opposite of innocence. Vide Rutherf. Inst. B. 1, c. 18, s. 10.
     2. In general everyone is presumed innocent until guilt has been proved; but in some cases the presumption of guilt overthrows that of innocence; as, for example, where a party destroys evidence to which the opposite party is entitled. The spoliation of papers, material to show the neutral character of a vessel, furnishes strong presumption against the neutrality of the ship. 2 Wheat. 227. Vide Spoliation.

References in classic literature ?
So counsel'd hee, and both together went Into the thickest Wood, there soon they chose The Figtree, not that kind for Fruit renown'd, But such as at this day to INDIANS known In MALABAR or DECAN spreds her Armes Braunching so broad and long, that in the ground The bended Twigs take root, and Daughters grow About the Mother Tree, a Pillard shade High overarch't, and echoing Walks between; There oft the INDIAN Herdsman shunning heate Shelters in coole, and tends his pasturing Herds At Loopholes cut through thickest shade: Those Leaves They gatherd, broad as AMAZONIAN Targe, And with what skill they had, together sowd, To gird thir waste, vain Covering if to hide Thir guilt and dreaded shame; O how unlike To that first naked Glorie.
for even within these accursed walls, where, as thou well sayest, guilt shrouds itself in inscrutable mystery, even there has the name of Cedric been sounded and I, wretched and degraded, have rejoiced to think that there yet breathed an avenger of our unhappy nation.
And thou, creature of guilt and misery,'' said Cedric, ``what became thy lot on the death of thy ravisher?
She confined herself, or tried to confine herself, to the simple, indubitable family misery which must envelop all, if it were indeed a matter of certified guilt and public exposure.
I confess that the guilt of the banker's son appeared to me to be as obvious as it did to his unhappy father, but still I had such faith in Holmes' judgment that I felt that there must be some grounds for hope as long as he was dissatisfied with the accepted explanation.
He was entirely absorbed by two considerations: his wife's guilt, of which after his sleepless night he had not the slightest doubt, and the guiltlessness of Dolokhov, who had no reason to preserve the honor of a man who was nothing to him.
The guilt of Dusar might be for ever buried with her bones," he concluded in a low, savage whisper.
It is one thing to be morally convinced (as I am) that Miserrimus Dexter is the man who ought to have been tried for the murder at Gleninch; and it is another thing, at this distance of time, to lay our hands on the plain evidence which can alone justify anything like a public assertion of his guilt.
For this purpose I have shown that no acquisitions of guilt can compensate the loss of that solid inward comfort of mind, which is the sure companion of innocence and virtue; nor can in the least balance the evil of that horror and anxiety which, in their room, guilt introduces into our bosoms.
And now once more lieth the lead of his guilt upon him, and once more is his weak reason so benumbed, so paralysed, and so dull.
She was tranquil, yet her tranquillity was evidently constrained; and as her confusion had before been adduced as a proof of her guilt, she worked up her mind to an appearance of courage.
But the moon came slowly up in all her gentle glory, and the stars looked out, and through the small compass of the grated window, as through the narrow crevice of one good deed in a murky life of guilt, the face of Heaven shone bright and merciful.