hacking

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hacking

the accessing of a computer system without the permission of the owner of that system. Originally the practice proved difficult for the legal system mainly because many hackers caused no actual damage - they would simply enter the system, leave proof of their cunning and skill and exit. Others, however, were more malicious. Offences have been created to protect the integrity of systems, initially in computer misuse legislation from 1980. A person is guilty of an offence if he causes a computer to perform any function with intent to secure access to any program or data held in any computer; the access he intends to secure is unauthorized; and he knows at the time when he causes the computer to perform the function that this is the case. There is a related offence of unauthorized modification, namely to do any act which causes an unauthorized modification of the contents of any computer; and at the time the accused does the act, he has the requisite intent and the requisite knowledge. The intent required is intent to impair the operation of any computer, prevent or hinder access to any program or data held on any computer, or impair the operation of any program or the reliability of any data. It is immaterial whether or not the accused had any intent directed towards any particular computer system, program or data; all that is required is that the accused knows that any intended alteration is unauthorized.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Still another argues that some question the "legality of teaching students to hack, in order to improve their intrusion detection skills" (Saleem, 2006).
New Delhi -- The website of Indias National Institute of Technology (NIT) Raipur was hacked and defaced allegedly by Pakistani hacker Faisal Afzal, Indian media reported on Friday.
However, for most companies, the easiest way to prevent hacks is simply by updating current software.
Mr Langdale went on: "Are you telling us you have forgotten that you hacked Kate Middleton 155 times, Prince William 35 times, Prince Harry nine times and all the others.
Clive Goodman, who was jailed in 2007 for illegally accessing voicemails on the mobile phones of royal aides, said he had hacked Queen Elizabeth's grandsons almost a decade ago in search of stories while working at the now-defunct tabloid.
According to the BBC, "Sell Hack" is available as a free extension to the Chrome browser, and once installed, will pop up a "hack-in" button on LinkedIn profiles.
Private investigator Glenn Mulcaire, who was convicted of phone hacking in 2007, also pleaded guilty earlier this year to three new counts of conspiring to hack phones.
Yahoo!'s Open Hack 2012 begins on August 11 with a series of technical workshops, followed by a hackathon - a non-stop 24-hour coding marathon.
Claims that the paper hacked the mobile telephone of teenage murder victim Milly Dowler united MPs in anger, and led to calls for an independent inquiry.
AoFor this reason, we believe that the hack was intentional as it focused on certain articles and news that have certain characteristics; what had happened to our website is unprecedented; and if our doubts are justified, then the state has used its powers to monitor us and get our passwords which is considered a violation against our rights and a very negative use of authority powers.Ao
unit had paid 1 million pounds to settle privacy actions brought by a soccer league executive and two other figures whose cell phones were hacked.
"Any sort of sensitive information being transmitted or stored on a PC over a Wi-Fi network is definitely a risk," says the former hacker, who says he's hacked into school networks and found Excel spreadsheets with student grades, login passwords for student grade systems and even explicit pictures stored on teachers' hard drives.