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HAND. That part of the human body at the end of the arm.
     2. Formerly the hand was considered as the symbol of good faith, and some contracts derive their names from the fact that the hand was used in making them; as handsale, (q.v.) mandatum, (q.v.) which comes from a mandata. The hand is still used for various legal or forensic purposes. When a person is accused of a crime and he is arraigned, and he is asked to hold up his right hand; and when one is sworn as a witness, he is required to lay his right hand on the Bible, or to hold it up.
     3. Hand is also the name of a measure of length used in ascertaining the height of horses. It is four inches long. See Measure: Ell.
     4. In a figurative sense, by hand is understood a particular form of writing; as if B writes a good hand. Various kinds of hand have been used, as, the secretary hand, the Roman hand, the court hand, &c. Wills and contracts may be written in any of these, or any other which is intelligible.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hershey continues to invest in hand-to-mouth with its biggest brands while maintaining its brand equity and the taste consumers demand.
Empirically, we document that 30 percent of households in the United States are living hand-to-mouth, and that this fraction has been relatively constant over the past two decades.
Indeed, workers who live hand-to-mouth and need 100 percent of each paycheck for food and bills pay an income tax equal to 100 percent of their net worth.
Thomas's inquiries bank loans were met with "a point-blank response that no one was going to give us money because of our hand-to-mouth existence," he says.
Several factors place children at greater risk: high hand-to-mouth activity, a nervous system that is still developing, and certain dietary deficiencies, like those of calcium and iron, which increase absorption of lead from the gut.
Coleman herself concedes that this "hand-to-mouth writing" has taken a "substantive booty" on her essay collection - both in terms of thematic coherence and consistent voice.
The man they call The Boss told a courtroom packed with his fans about his early hand-to-mouth existence, relying on handouts from his first professional management team, Mr Jim Cretecos and Mr Mike Appel of Laurel Canyon Productions.
Reverence and gratitude are regularly leavened with irony and a vivid recall of the threadbare, hand-to-mouth existence that modem dancers in particular had to lead.
Although there's no doubt about the value of booked sales, far too many companies undermine their longer-term objectives by tolerating a "hand-to-mouth" sales culture.
edition, 1961) is based on his hand-to-mouth existence in depression-ridden Paris.
His most celebrated book, Canada Made Me (1958), is a memoir of the Canadian underside in the 1950s; reminiscent of works by George Orwell and Henry Miller, it reports the hand-to-mouth living of a working-and-bumming writer.
In rural areas, masses remain illiterate due to the hand-to-mouth livelihood pattern, that is what is being earned is spent to cover for the daily expenses of food and basic utilities.