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As a noun, a haven, or a space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land and surroundings as to afford a safe anchorage for ships.
As a verb, to afford lodging to, to shelter, or to give a refuge to. To clandestinely shelter, succor, and protect improperly admitted Aliens. It may be aptly used to describe the furnishing of shelter, lodging, or food clandestinely or with concealment, and under certain circumstances may be equally applicable to those acts divested of any accompanying secrecy. Harboring a criminal is a crime under both federal and state statutes and a person who harbors a criminal is an Accessory after the fact.
HARBOR. A place where ships may ride with safety; any navigable water protected by the surrounding country; a haven. (q.v.) It is public property. 1. Bouv. Inst. n. 435.
TO HARBOR, torts. To receive clandestinely or without lawful authority a
person for the purpose of so concealing him that another having a right to
the lawful custody of such person, shall be deprived of the same; for
example, the harboring of a wife or an apprentice, in order to deprive the
husband or the master of them; or in a less technical sense, it is the
reception of persons improperly. 10 N. H. Rep. 247; 4 Scam. 498.
2. The harboring of such persons will subject the harborer to an, action for the injury; but in order to put him completely in the wrong, a demand should be made for their restoration, for in cases where the harborer has not committed any other wrong than merely receiving the plaintiff's wife, child, or apprentice, he may be under no obligation to return them without a demand. 1 Chit. Pr. 564; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; 2 N. Car. Law Repos. 249; 5 How. U. S. Rep. 215, 227.