They are classified as hard ticks
and soft ticks, depending on their covering cuticles.
adults mate on a host and, after the fully fed female drops from the host animal to the ground, she lays from 2000 to 18,000 eggs and subsequently dies.
Ticks that transmit disease to animals and humans can be divided into two groups: the hard ticks
(Ixodidae) (Figure 4-1) and the soft ticks (Argasidae).
The bodies of hard ticks
are protected by a tough, shield-shaped plate called a scutum, and their mouthparts project forward rather than downward.
05) than Haemaphysalis, Amblyomma and Boophilus species of hard ticks
(Ali et al.
display sexual dimorphism, males and females look obviously different (Figure 1), and the blood-fed females are capable of enormous expansion.
To obtain a blood meal, a hard tick
must attach to a vertebrate host for several days.
Phylogeny of a relapsing fever Borrelia species transmitted by the hard tick
Tick fauna of Pakistan is rich in number of genera and species (Rasul and Akhtar, 1975; Hussain and Kumar, 1985), and the prevalence of Hyalomma species is significantly higher than Haemaphysalis, Amblyomma and Boophilus species of hard tick
(Ali et al.
Table-3 Genus-wise distribution of hard tick
in three districts of Punjab
First survey of the hard tick
(Acari: Ixodidae) fauna of Nakai District, Khammouane Province, Laos, and an updated checklist of the ticks of Laos.
isolated from the hard tick
Hyalomma aegyptium in Turkey.