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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
Handbook of Health Behavior Research II: Provider Determinants (pp.
There were also no reports of demonstrations or policy experiments, even if unsuccessful, that attempted to address health behaviors or environmental interventions, or policy experiments in income or education policy that might be expected to have an impact on the health of the nation.
Hornik makes no claim that the 16 cases selected for the book are representative; they are included because they support his hypothesis that public health campaigns do influence health behavior change.
Health behavior touches on just about every aspect of human life, and the richness of the many issues pursued in these volumes shows it to be a field of great importance and, one hopes, of growing public and professional interest.
One of the first to recognize that research on health behavior should consider personal variables such as self-concept, ability to cope, and value of health was Jessor (1983), who further proposed (Jessor, 1984) that adolescent health behavior be studied in the framework of his problem behavior theory, which encompasses a complex of psychosocial constructs including environmental variables (e.
Self-efficacy has emerged as a predictor of various health behaviors such as quitting smoking, weight loss, and continued exercise (Strecher, DeVellis, Becker, & Rosenstock, 1986).
5 Kawamura M, Honkala E, Widstrom E, Komabayashi T: Cross-cultural differences of self-reported oral health behavior in Japanese and Finnish dental students.
It entails having a two-way communication between the person facilitating behavior change (certified health education specialist, counselor, health coach, health educator, lay health volunteer, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician, and so on) and the person wanting to alter his or her behavior in which the facilitator tries to underscore the advantages of changing the health behavior over the disadvantages.
The use of theory and a holistic approach is utilized as the basis for understanding the day-to-day health behavior of people in underserved communities.
We categorized the references into three topics: (a) mental health only, (b) health behavior only, or (c) mental health AND health behavior.
UB researchers said that affective risk - fear and worry about a health issue, in this case skin cancer - and cognitive risk - the informational component - are both known influences on people's health behaviors.
The latter were measured by the Health Behavior Inventory-20 (HBI-20; Levant et al.

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