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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
It has been observed that health behaviors come about in distinctive clustersA2.
Contemplating health behavior change represents a high-involvement situation likely to include extensive information searching before and during behavior change (Prochaska, Spring, and Nigg 2008).
The dental health behavior of university students and test- retest reliability of the HU-DBI.
The LifeSteps program will utilize coaching and motivational strategies to help individuals gain insight and awareness of their current habits, roles, and routines in order to be able to make health behavior changes.
None were found in the 17 health behavior-only group and 18 of the 64 health behavior AND mental health references included them.
It was presented in the following order: Demographic Form, Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46, Health Behavior Inventory-20, Emotional Stability Scale, General Self-efficacy Scale, and Perceptions of Normative Health Behaviors Scale.
The purpose of the conference was to stimulate cross-disciplinary, creative approaches to improving oral health behaviors. The interesting feature of the conference was that there were experts from the disciplines of economics, marketing design, psychology, management and communications, as well as dentistry and dental hygiene.
For item-wise difference of health behavior, other variables, and happiness of the students we used t test for independent samples to compare mean score, and used the Pearson chi square for comparing frequencies and Spearman's rho correlations for comparing scales.
University healthcare providers may be instrumental in increasing female patients' involvement in preventative sexual health behaviors, however little research has examined this issue.
The prevalence of overweight/obesity and diabetes varies by socioeconomic status, health behaviors and lifestyles, race/ethnicity, gender and other socio-demographic correlates.
Given the need to more fully understand health behavior profiles of young adults, research is needed to determine what subgroups of college students, if any, are likely to engage in cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, engaging in physical activity, and attending to their diets.

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