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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The NAPIM SDS Committee process for resolving health hazard classification discrepancies utilizes collective knowledge and ensures transparency in resolving the health hazard classification discrepancies.
Kirklees has an estimated 23,300 houses in which there are serious health hazards according to the figures.
Since 1981, the Army HHA Program has provided an invaluable service to capability and materiel developers by providing recommendations designed to eliminate or control health hazards associated with weapon systems and other materiel.
Additionally, Table 1 lists each contaminant's detection frequency in indoor air, the number of sites with the chemical above the CV, and the number of sites declared a health hazard due to the contaminants.
The report strikes an elegant balance, clarifying what have been ethical gray areas while still facilitating and encouraging housing-related health hazard research designed to improve the lives of the most vulnerable children and families.
Authorities probing the health hazards posed by poison gas agents left in Kamisu, Ibaraki Prefecture, by the Imperial Japanese Army have detected organic arsenic compounds in rice harvested at four farms in the town, the prefectural government said Thursday.
``This is posing a serious health hazard to holidaymakers.''
A further 29 pools were a potential health hazard, while just two of the 80 were given a complete clean bill of health.
FDA has been warning the public about a group of products sold as dietary supplements for bodybuilding, weight loss and sleep inducement which have been determined to pose a significant public health hazard.
They charge DU ordnance represents an environmental and health hazard that will endure for generations after the weapons have been used.
"Milk products, like tobacco products, are an enormous threat to the health of both children and adults," says Robert Cohen, author of Milk: The Deadly Poison and executive director of the AntiDairy Coalition, which "believes that the secret to optimum health is giving up milk and dairy products." Similarly, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine calls milk "the number one health hazard racing young children and adults."
In addition, Mass notes that hepatitis C, which was classified as a separate disease in 1990, is relatively unstudied and could pose a significant health hazard to gay men, "The serious complications are twice as high as with hepatitis B," says Mass.

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