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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1973, Congress passed the Health Maintenance Organization Act to encourage the growth of organized health care delivery systems sponsored by the private sector.
In effect, group health maintenance organizations became free of personal income tax.
The scientists randomly interviewed 21- to 30-year-old members of a large health maintenance organization in the Detroit area.
Kuykendall at the University of California, Los Angeles, recruited 825 men and women aged 65 or older from a California health maintenance organization. The majority of volunteers in this predominantly Caucasian sample were married, female, in good health and members of a church or temple.
Kaiser Permanente is credited as being an innovator in the modern health maintenance organization plan--a prepaid health plan in which members pay a monthly premium, and in exchange the HMO provides maintenance care for them and their families.
The children attended two medical centers run by a health maintenance organization. One is located in Pittsburgh and serves both affluent and poor families; the other serves a suburgan, mainly blue-collar population.
Subjects, recruited from a health maintenance organization near Seattle, were screened for neurologic and mental disorders and ranged in age from 64 to 95 years by the end of the study.
Based in Camarillo, Calif., Golden West serves its members mostly in California and through a dental health maintenance organization. Joan Herman, president of WellPoint's senior, specialty and state-sponsored programs division, said the acquisition was a good strategic move.
The company pays health maintenance organization physicians when they meet specific financial indicators, and the insurer pays preferred provider organization physicians when they maximize the use of generic drugs over brand-name drugs, Siedman said.
Internalizing a service in a staff-model health maintenance organization that is currently being performed by contracted external providers is an issue that needs to be carefully considered and should be part of the capital budgeting process.
"Feedback Reduces Test Use in a Health Maintenance Organization." JAMA 255(11):14504, March 21, 1986.
SmartSuite offers options--such as a traditional health maintenance organization and a preferred-provider organization--and customized plans--such as CoverageFirst, which features a higher deductible in exchange for lower premiums.

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