hearer


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Connotations are intended meanings that the speaker wants the hearer to know.
Strategies for conveying a directive can be distinguished by how clearly they convey a hearer's obligation to carry out an action.
Air then demodulates the message back out to the hearer.
Board of Regents,(36) that fighting words must be directed at the person of the hearer.(37)
The song "911" is a soulful, passionate, and soul-stirring plea that every hearer will be able to relate to.
According to the Transmission View of Testimony (TVT), If a speaker testifies to a hearer that p, and if the hearer is justified in believing that p on the basis of that speaker's testimony, then the hearer's belief is justified by whatever justification the speaker has for believing that p.
Much of the communicative acts produced and comprehended in interactional exchanges such as requesting, apologizing, warning, thanking, greeting, advising and criticizing are a product of negotiation between speaker and hearer based entirely on both the linguistic code and the socio-cultural practice that produced it (Fairclough 1992).
An emphasis on equipping the voice-hearer with responses, challenges, and answers of their own implies that the voice hearer is changing, but their voices might not be...
In order to interpret utterances in accordance with the way in which they were intended, a hearer must know what activity he is engaged in, what frame he is operating in.
These studies have generally regarded the verbal-deictic preferences of Spanish as categorically different from English with regards to the ability of the speaker to utilize the come or bring verbs to describe motion towards the hearer ("I'm coming over right now").
By the same token, non-conventional second person pronouns may explicitly code the hearer, but implicitly refer to people in general, including the actual person who uttered the sentence.
They also point out that the determinants of the kinds of politeness strategies used are the following three sociological factors: the relative power of the hearer over the speaker, the social distance between the speaker and the hearer, and the ranking of the imposition in doing the face-threatening act (Brown and Levinson, 1987: 15-16).