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Related to heart-lung machine: Cardiopulmonary bypass machine

MACHINE. A contrivance which serves to apply or regulate moving power; or it is a tool more or less complicated, which is used to render useful natural instruments, Clef. des Lois Rom. h.t.
     2. The act of congress gives to inventors the right to obtain a patent right for any new and useful improvement on any art, machine, manufacture, &c. Act of congress, July 4, 1836, s. 6. See Pet. C. C. 394; 3 Wash. C. C. 443; 1 Wash. C. C. 108; 1 Wash. C. C. 168; 1 Mason, 447; Paine, 300; 4 Wash. C. C. 538; 1 How. U. S., 202; S. C. 17 Pet. 228; 2 McLean, 176.

References in periodicals archive ?
"A heart-lung machine diverts blood away from the heart and gives us a dry, bloodless field and a steady target to operate on."
The debate got attention when former President Bill Clinton had quadruple bypass with a heart-lung machine in 2004.
A surgeon connects the patient to the heart-lung machine by inserting tubular instruments, called cannulas, into the proper blood vessels to bypass the heart and lungs.
Both groups of children underwent open heart surgery with the assistance of a heart-lung machine.
Sato, who was a member of the girl's medical team at Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital in Tokyo's Shinjuku Ward, was arrested and indicted in 2002 for allegedly operating her artificial heart-lung machine improperly and causing her to develop a brain disorder and eventually die.
The reason(s) for this are not entirely clear but may relate to use of the heart-lung machine to which your blood circulation was connected as a "substitute heart" when your own heart was stopped to make repairs.
With the patient maintained on a heart-lung machine, the surgical team excised the heart's upper chambers and used tissue from a cow's heart sac to fashion new atria, the heart's upper chambers.
Mr Jawad, a father-of-two, came to the UK in 1989 to train as a perfusionist, a medical technician who operates the heart-lung machine in open heart surgery.
Traditional coronary artery bypass surgery requires stopping the heart and artificially replacing its functions with a heart-lung machine.
Unlike a normal heart operation, robotic surgery doesn't stop the heart and divert blood to a heart-lung machine. Incisions are tiny instead of running from the patient's neck to abdomen.
Despite the promising results, the surgery remains tricky First, the anesthetized patient is put on a heart-lung machine that oxygenates his or her blood and then pumps it back into the body, Next, the surgeon isolates the lung's pulmonary artery and finds the clot.
* High cost of heart-lung machine and bypass surgery