capacity

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Related to heat capacity: Specific heat capacity, Molar heat capacity

Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fit for the isometric molar heat capacity ([C.sub.v]) based upon eqn.
The numerical methods indicate there are three situations corresponding to zero, one, and two diverging points of heat capacity respectively, which have been described in Figures 1, 2, and 3.
On the basis of the Debye Law [11], the molar heat capacity of Li[B.sub.5][O.sub.8] x 5[H.sub.2]O determined in this work has been fitted and shown in (1).
Table-1: Amino acids and their heat capacity, entropy and thermal energy used in present study.
Within the frame of the harmonic lattice regime, the temperature dependencies of the isochoric heat capacities, [C.sub.Vh] (T), are well known to be given by corresponding heat capacity shape functions, [[kappa].sub.h] (T), of the general form [4, 6, 45, 50-55]
[q.sub.2](d) is the dependence of heat capacity on the reactor internal diameter;
where C is the heat capacity and [P.sub.net] the sum of all heat that flows into the heat capacity or is dissipated in the heat capacity.
The initial studies of heat capacity were done by Petit and Dulong (1819), who concluded that the atoms of all simple bodies have exactly the same capacity for heat.
Preliminary modeling showed that solidification time and the coordinate of the point where the shell reached the highest temperature were mainly influenced by the specific heat capacity and thermal conductivity of the shell.
Next, Figure 4(c) shows an example of reversing heat capacity for the raw data presented in Figure 4(a).
The CHP plant, which is being operated by the Kuusamo energy and water cooperative, has an electricity production capacity of 6MW and district heat capacity of 19MW.
In case of defrost cycles, heat capacity is evaluated only out of the defrost periods as shown in the equation below.