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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors condemned a lack of consistent care for patients having the high-risk surgery.
Renal dysfunction had the largest contribution to IHM in this study (PAF 0.34), followed by high-risk surgery (PAF 0.15), male gender (PAF 0.08), cerebrovascular disease (PAF 0.03) and congestive heart failure (PAF 0.03).
"It was very high-risk surgery, I really had to (operate) very fast."
The devices could one day be used to continuously track heart health and provide doctors a safer method of measuring a key vital sign for newborn and other high-risk surgery patients.
She recently underwent a 12-hour high-risk surgery and is undergoing further treatment for cancer.
"It is very high-risk surgery that is elective; it is an open procedure, not fetoscopic; and it depends on a very multidisciplinary team," she said in an interview These are a combination of features that makes it unique, said Dr.
However, because they studied veterans eligible for VHA care rather than VHA users, it is not clear whether the high rates of elective surgery outside of the VHA among their population reflected a desire of regular VHA users to obtain certain services, such as high-risk surgery, outside the VHA or whether their VHA cohort primarily consisted of veterans who received very little or no care from the VHA.
THE care given to high-risk surgery patients regularly falls short of acceptable standards, according to an independent review.
"Despite the intentions of the CMS [Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services] to provide patients with information that will facilitate patient choice of high-quality hospitals, currently available information on the Hospital Compare Web site will not help patients identify hospitals with better outcomes for high-risk surgery," wrote the authors, from the University of Michigan and the Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, both in Ann Arbor.
(1) Traditional valve replacement is considered a high-risk surgery for elderly patients, especially as this patient demographic usually has one, if not more, co-morbidities.
In major elective high-risk surgery, large-scale UK audits demonstrate mean elective postoperative mortality rates of 12% for major oesophageal and gastric surgery (McCulloch et al 2003), 5.6% for colorectal surgery (Tekkis et al 2003) and 6.2% for elective open aortic aneurysm repair (NCEPOD 2005).