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HOSTILITY. A state of open enmity; open war. Wolff, Dr. de la Rat. Sec. 1191. Hostility, as it regards individuals, may be permanent or temporary; it is permanent when the individual is a citizen or subject of the government at war, and temporary when he happens to be domiciliated or resident in the country of one of the belligerents; in this latter case the individual may throw off the national character he has thus acquired by residence, when he puts himself in motion, bona fide, to quit the country sine animo revertendi. 3 Rob. Adm. Rep. 12; 3 Wheat. R. 14.
     2. There may be a hostile character merely as to commercial purposes, and hostility may attach only to the person as a temporary enemy, or it may attach only to the property of a particular description. This hostile character in a commercial view, or one limited to certain intents and purposes only, will attach in, consequence of having possessions in the territory of the enemy, or by maintaining a commercial establishment there, or by a personal residence, or, by particular modes of traffic, as by sailing under the enemy's flag of passport. 9 Cranch, 191 5 Rob. Adm. Rep. 21, 161; 1 Kent Com. 73; Wesk. on Ins. h.t.; Chit. Law of Nat. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Based on prior research, we explore two models treating partner hostility as a mediator and as a moderator.
Employees who returned hostility did it by ignoring their boss, acting like they did not know what their bosses were talking about, and giving just half-hearted effort.
But unfortunately, due to the hostility between the two sides, people living in border areas have to move out of their homes and leave their livestock behind, which is the only source of their income," Sagar said.
Muslims and Jews have suffered the greatest level of hostility in six years, the report said.
He said, 'The persistence of hostility to banks and bankers, much more marked in Europe than elsewhere, is in my view seriously unhealthy.
PEARCE HIGGINS, WAR AND THE PRIVATE CITIZEN 42 (1912) ("The citizen who committed acts of hostility without belonging to a force .
She goes on to say that anger, aggression, bullying, and verbal abuse behaviors are "all ways in which hostility expresses itself" (p.
The study subjects rated themselves on the Chen Internet Addiction Scale, the ADHD Self-Rated Scale, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory.
Now owners are being urged to join a national 4x4 charter that encourages owners to avoid the sort of driving behaviour that is causing so much hostility.
The origins of recent Tyne Wear hostility lies in post-1960s football rivalry.
The findings suggest a role for central serotonergic function in the association of hostility with cardiovascular risk factors, said Thomas W.
Hostility was measured using the 27-item Cook Medley hostility questionnaire.