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n. 1) written evidence of debt issued by a company with the terms of payment spelled out. A bond differs from corporate shares of stock since bond payments are pre-determined and provide a final pay-off date, while stock dividends vary depending on profitability and corporate decisions to distribute. There are two types of such bonds: "registered" in which the name of the owner is recorded by the company and "bearer" in which interest payments are made to whomever is holding the bond. 2) written guaranty or pledge which is purchased from a bonding company (usually an insurance firm) or by an individual as security (called a "bondsman") to guarantee some form of performance, including showing up in court ("bail bond"), properly complete construction or other contract terms ("performance bond"), that the bonded party will not steal or mismanage funds, that a purchased article is the real thing, or that title is good. If there is a failure then the bonding company will make good up to the amount of the bond.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a written acknowledgment of an obligation to pay a sum or to perform a contract. A legal tie.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

BOND, contract. An obligation or bond is a deed whereby the obligor, obliges himself, his heirs, executors and administrators, to pay a certain sum of money to another at a day appointed. But see 2 Shepl. 185. If this be all, the bond is called a single one, simplex obligatio; but there is generally a condition added, that if the obligor pays a smaller sum, or does, or omits to do some particular act, the obligation shall be void. 2 Bl. Com. 840. The word bond ex vi termini imports a sealed instrument. 2 S. & R. 502; 1 Bald. R. 129; 2 Porter, R. 19; 1 Blackf. R. 241; Harp. R. 434; 6 Verm. R. 40. See Condition; Interest of money; Penalty. It is proposed to consider: 1. The form of a bond, namely, the words by which it may be made, and the ceremonies required. 2. The condition. 3. The performance or discharge.
     2.- I. 1. There must be parties to a bond, an obligor and obligee : for where a bond was made with condition that the obligor should pay twenty pounds to such person or persons; as E. H. should, by her last will and testament in writing, name and appoint the same to be paid, and E. H. did not appoint any person to, whom the same should be paid, it was held that the money was not payable to the executors of E. H. Hob. 9. No particular form of words are essential to create an obligation, but any words which declare the intention of the parties, and denote that one is bound to the other, will be sufficient, provided the ceremonies mentioned below have been observed. Shep. Touch. 367-8; Bac. Abr. Obligations, B; Com. Dig. Obligations, B 1.
     3. - 2. It must be in writing, on paper or parchment, and if it be made on other materials it is void. Bac. Abr. Obligations, A.
     4. - 3. It must be sealed, though it is not necessary that it should be mentioned in the writing that it is sealed. As to what is a sufficient sealing, see the above case, and the word Seal.
     5. - 4. It must be delivered by the party whose bond it is, to the other. Bac. Abr. Obligations, C. But the delivery and acceptance may be by attorney. The date is not considered of the substance of a deed, and therefore a bond which either has no date or an impossible one is still good, provided the real day of its being dated or given, that is, delivered, can be proved. 2 Bl. Com. 304; Com. Dig. Fait, B 3; 3 Call, 309. See Date.
     6. - II. The condition is either for the payment of money, or for the performance of something else. In the latter case, if the condition be against some rule of law merely, positively impossible at the time of making it, uncertain or insensible, the condition alone is void, and the bond shall stand single and unconditional; for it is the folly of the obligor to enter into such an obligation, from which he can never be released. If it be to do a thing malum in se, the obligation itself is void, the whole contract being unlawful. 2 Bl. Com. 340; Bac. Abr. Conditions, K, L; Com. Dig. Conditions, D 1, D 2, D 3, D 7, D 8.
     7. - III. 1. When, by the condition of an obligation, the act to be done to the obligee is of its own nature transitory, as payment of money, delivery of charters, or the like, and no time is limited, it ought to be performed in convenient time. 6 Co. 31 Co. Lit. 208; Roll. Abr. 436.
     8. - 2. A payment before the day is good; Co. Lit. 212, a; or before action brought. 10 Mass. 419; 11 Mass. 217.
     9. - 3. If the condition be to do a thing within a certain time, it may be performed the last day of the time appointed. Bac. Abr. Conditions, P 3.
    10. - 4. If the condition be to do an act, without limiting any time, he who has the benefit may do it at what time he pleases. Com. Dig. Conditions, G 3.
    11. - 5. When the place where the act to be performed is agreed upon, the party who is to perform it, is not obliged to seek the opposite party elsewhere; nor is he to whom it is to be performed bound to accept of the performance in another place. Roll. 445, 446 Com. Dig. Conditions, G 9 Bac. Abr. Conditions, P 4. See Performance.
    12. - 6. For what amounts to a breach of a condition in a bond see Bac. Abr. Conditions, 0; Com. Dig. Conditions, M; and this Dict. tit. Breach.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most choose to share their home because of the companionship and perceived calming effect that pets provide through the human-animal bond. (74) Beck et al describe that this unique connection is the impetus for the quick transition from pet to family member:
Additionally, this model may improve uptake of health resources by homeless individuals because their comfort level with staff in this environment, where there is a focus on human-animal bond, is higher.
The foundation, founded by Petco, the animal health company Zoetis and the American Pet Products Association, maintains what it describes as the world's largest online library of human-animal bond information at
Chumley, DVM, MPH, Diplomate ACVPM, Chief, Human-Animal Bond programs, Department of Defense Veterinary Service Activity, Office of the Surgeon General, and Margaret Glenn, EdD, CRC, Associate Professor of Rehabilitation Counselor Education, Department of Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling, and Counseling Psychology, West Virginia University, for their thoughtful comments and contributions to previous drafts of this manuscript.
Three variables measured other aspects of participants' exposure to information on AHR: (1) whether they had any special training on including animals in social work practice (no/yes), (2) whether they knew any other social workers who included animals in their practice (no/yes), and (3) whether they would like to learn more about the human-animal bond (no/yes).
"Events like this are about the human-animal bond," Lieberman said.
of Rostock, Germany), the co-founder of the International Society for Animal-Assisted Therapy, and other experts on the subject present an in-depth review of empirical studies on the human-animal bond. Beginning with theoretical perspectives (evolutionary, sociobiological, mechanistic) on the attachment, they discuss the physiological and emotional benefits of pet companionship, and their implications for therapy.
Unfortunately, a variety of personal and societal issues can discourage people's ability to slow-down and allow themselves to reap the rewards and benefits that can be granted through the human-animal bond. Perhaps no other current population is lacking the time, ability and/or motivation to bond with an animal as today's youth.
For that reason, commands here have a human-animal bond program in place that provides troops the opportunity to interact with animals that have been vaccinated, spayed or neutered and seen by a veterinarian on a regular basis.
The biological and historical roots of this human-animal bond are considered in a fine survey documenting bond-breaking processes across the country.
Behavior problems in companion animals can erode the human-animal bond, (11) affect the animal's welfare, (12) and possibly lead to relinquishment (13) or euthanasia.

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