Hundred

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Hundred

A political subdivision in old England.

Under the Saxons, each shire or county in England was divided into a number of hundreds, which were made up of ten tithings each. The tithings were groups of ten families of freeholders. The hundred was governed by a high constable and had its own local court called the Hundred Court. The most remarkable feature of the hundred was the collective responsibility of all the inhabitants for the crimes or defaults of any individual member.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

HUNDRED, Eng. law. A district of country originally comprehending one hundred families. In many cases, when an offence is committed within the hundred, the inhabitants tire civilly responsible to the party injured.
     2. This rule was probably borrowed from the nations of German origin, where it was known. Montesq. Esp. des Lois, ]iv. 30, c. 17. It was established by Clotaire, among the Franks. 11 Toull. n. 237.
     3. To make the innocent pay for the guilty, seems to be contrary to the first principles of justice, and can be justified only by necessity. In some of the United States laws have been passed making cities or counties responsible for, the destruction of property by a mob. This can be justified only on the ground that it is the interest of every one that property should be protected, and that it is for the general good such laws should exist.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
By the time the gold mine is ready to close, it can have excavated a pit as much as a mile across and half a mile deep, leaving behind acres of processed ore heaps and hundreds of millions of tons of waste rock, overburden, and tailings.
Today hundreds of thousands of pounds of mercury remain at each of the hundreds of gold mining sites in the area, according to the USGS report Mercury Bioaccumulation in Fish in a Region Affected by Historic Gold Mining: The South Yuba River, Deer Creek, and Bear River Watersheds, California, 1999.
But massaging such limited data and growing it into a convoluted story about hundreds of priests dead of AIDS across the U.S.
I slowly fanned the pages, back to front, not realizing until the title page fluttered to rest that what I was holding was the first of hundreds of such folders containing the hand-typed Czech translation of The Gulag.
Hundreds of thousands of Orthodox priests were simply shot or died in "labour" camps.