Hundred

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Hundred

A political subdivision in old England.

Under the Saxons, each shire or county in England was divided into a number of hundreds, which were made up of ten tithings each. The tithings were groups of ten families of freeholders. The hundred was governed by a high constable and had its own local court called the Hundred Court. The most remarkable feature of the hundred was the collective responsibility of all the inhabitants for the crimes or defaults of any individual member.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

HUNDRED, Eng. law. A district of country originally comprehending one hundred families. In many cases, when an offence is committed within the hundred, the inhabitants tire civilly responsible to the party injured.
     2. This rule was probably borrowed from the nations of German origin, where it was known. Montesq. Esp. des Lois, ]iv. 30, c. 17. It was established by Clotaire, among the Franks. 11 Toull. n. 237.
     3. To make the innocent pay for the guilty, seems to be contrary to the first principles of justice, and can be justified only by necessity. In some of the United States laws have been passed making cities or counties responsible for, the destruction of property by a mob. This can be justified only on the ground that it is the interest of every one that property should be protected, and that it is for the general good such laws should exist.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peaty said: "It was extremely frustrating for me, but at the end of the day, that is the sport - you are going to be playing with hundredths of a second.
And to make matters worse, the girl who was two hundredths of a second quicker then her - Aliaksandra Herasimenia from Belarus - has previously served a two-year ban for doping.
A poor run from Hermann saw her slip to fourth with Yarnold maintaining second place four hundredths of a second behind the eventual winner, and another Russian, Elena Nikitina, taking bronze.
Jake Rhodes of Crosland Moor is celebrating after completing his hundredth 5,000m run at Greenhead Park on Saturday.
Rabah's time was 45.18, three hundredths of a second short of his personal best which he set in winning the Arab Championships in Damascus in 2009.
The activity involves the use of a Decimat (New Zealand Ministry of Education, 2004; Wright, 2004) which is a proportional model for representing the size of decimal fractions and makes explicit the "ten-ness" of our base ten place value system (i.e., ten hundredths make one tenth).
Sorry The 28-year-old from Wigan said: "I'd rather have the bronze because if I do get upgraded to the silver I would be only three hundredths off the gold and that would probably haunt me forever.
Then on Sunday, an unbelievable 11 hundredths. After taking 30 years to work its way through the 9.9s the record has raced through the 9.6s in exactly 12 months.
Exquisitely precise, the new technique separates nanotubes that are only a few hundredths of a nanometer different in diameter, the team reports in the October Nature Nanotechnology.
Like I have 24 and one hundredths. Is it supposed to equal 24?
In the Bank Competition, they are in pounds and hundredths of a pound (e.g., 6.94), while fish in the Open are in pounds and ounces (e.g., 6-9).
At best, Kyoto will spare the world a few hundredths of a degree over the next 50 years."