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An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.


noun assertion, assignment of cause, assumption, conclusion drawn from accepted truths, conjecture, deduction, guess, inference, postulate, postulation, speculation, suggestion, supposal, surmise, tentative explanation, tentative law, theory, thesis, unproved theory
See also: assumption, basis, belief, conclusion, conjecture, deduction, generalization, idea, inference, opinion, postulate, presumption, prolepsis, proposition, speculation, supposition, theory, thesis
References in periodicals archive ?
While they are not confirmed and thus remain hypotheses in the scientific sense, O'Manique's scenarios attempt to get at actual human origins and, thereby, the real origins of justice.
Laws, been allow us to predict what will happen in a given circumstance, but do not explain why it will happen which is the business of hypotheses and theories.
In testing treatment hypotheses, practitioners make decisions about what information to collect, how to gather the information, and when to stop (Gambrill, 1997).
There are not too many history books which follow a strict Popperian course, from the construction of hypotheses to the presentation of results.
There are two types of error rates in testing hypotheses and they are denoted as "Type I Error" and "Type II Error.
Thus, students can be given considerable practice over the course of a semester in testing a variety of hypotheses.
The sample of accessible hypotheses whose predictions are targeted by a particular test is referred to as the operative hypothesis-set.
The fact, however, that institutional investors failed to support any of this study's three hypotheses, and agreed that the annual has improved over the past five years, is, indeed, enlightening.
The course will explore the steps for testing hypotheses for one-sample t-tests and two-sample t-tests with the help of real-life examples and case studies.
In this study descriptive statistics is used to analyze the data and to test the hypotheses chi-square was used and bivariate test was the alternative test.
Although the emphases in this study were the three hypotheses, because of the nature of the background of the participants, it was decided that other questions would be asked as well, for personal and professional study.