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An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.


noun assertion, assignment of cause, assumption, conclusion drawn from accepted truths, conjecture, deduction, guess, inference, postulate, postulation, speculation, suggestion, supposal, surmise, tentative explanation, tentative law, theory, thesis, unproved theory
See also: assumption, basis, belief, conclusion, conjecture, deduction, generalization, idea, inference, opinion, postulate, presumption, prolepsis, proposition, speculation, supposition, theory, thesis
References in periodicals archive ?
We review related work in Section 2, and also present an overview of sequential hypothesis testing in Section 3.
Another popular type of hypothesis testing is equivalence.
In the table which has been set and named as hypothesis testing, inferential statistics known as Pearson correlation coefficient (R) is used.
confidence intervals should replace the use of hypothesis testing.
I would like to make some comments, which may be relevant, about the "null" in the null hypothesis testing process.
As a project, students might be asked to collect data for their favorite team or band and follow the analysis through from posing research questions, evaluating the tenability of assumptions, and hypothesis testing to making decisions and conclusions within the context of the scenario.
Counselor hypothesis testing strategies: The role of initial impressions and self-schema.
However, it has been shown repeatedly that the processes involved in clinical hypothesis testing, in clinical inferences, and in judgment are vulnerable to problems and biases that encroach on the validity of the product (see Faust, 1998; Wilson & Brekke, 1994).
Whereas most ecologists would agree that the hypothetico-deductive, scientific method of multiple working hypotheses is the best way to structure our research, hypothesis testing by itself does not allow one to choose among multiple, statistically significant, hypotheses.
The testing of hypotheses that the Court's emphasized language requires is called "hypothesis testing" and as the Court's quotations indicate, hypothesis testing is the essence of the scientific method.
This study represents the first application of the univariate non-nested hypothesis testing framework to infer how capital depreciates from the behavior of investment expenditures.