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As a class, second declension nouns lack fusional short illatives and stem partitives (though individual items may retain old short illatives, as in the case of MAA 'land', which preserves the short illative maha).
1) Class I is associated with 'short' illative singular forms (ILLA2) and 'stem' partitive plurals (PART2), and contains all nominals that exhibit productive 'quantitative' gradation in modern Estonian.
Quantitative contrasts also play a role in the paradigms of first declension nouns that contain short illative singular forms.