Illegal

(redirected from illegal act)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to illegal act: Criminal act

illegal

1) adj. in violation of statute, regulation or ordinance, which may be criminal or merely not in conformity. Thus, an armed robbery is illegal, and so is an access road which is narrower than the county allows, but the violation is not criminal. 2) a person residing in a country of which he/she is not a citizen and who has no official permission to be there. (See: alien, illegal immigrant)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

ILLEGAL. Contrary to law; unlawful.
     2. It is a general rule, that the law will never give its aid to a party who has entered into an illegal contract, whether the same be in direct violation of a statute, against public policy, or opposed to public morals. Nor to a contract which is fraudulent, which affects the defendant or a third person.
     3. A contract in violation of a statute is absolutely void, and, however disguised, it will be set aside, for no form of expression can remove the substantial defect inherent in the nature of the transaction; the courts will investigate the real object of the contracting parties, and if that be repugnant to the law, it will vitiate the transaction.
     4. Contracts against the public policy of the law, are equally void as if they were in violation of a public statute; a contract not to marry any one, is therefore illegal and void. See Void.
     5. A contract against the purity of manners is also illegal; as, for example, a agreement to cohabit unlawfully with another, is therefore void; but a bond given for past cohabitation, being considered as remuneration for past injury, is binding. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3853.
     6. All contracts which have for their object, or which may in their consequences, be injurious to third persons, altogether unconnected with them, are in general illegal and void. Of the first, an example may be found in the case where a sheriff's officer received a sum of money from a defendant for admitting to bail, and agreed to pay the bail, part of the money which was so exacted. 2 Burr. 924. The case of a wager between two persons, as to the character of a third, is an example of the second class. Cowp. 729; 4 Camp. 152; 1 Rawle, 42; 1 B. & A. 683. Vide Illicit; Unlawful.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, section 10A requires an auditor to first bring evidence that an illegal act might have occurred to the audit committee (or to the board of directors, if there is no audit committee).
Evaluate the adequacy of disclosure in the financial statements of the illegal act's potential effects on XYZ's operations
Second, the current professional guidance regarding illegal acts may need to be revisited in order to improve audit effectiveness and, in turn, narrow the expectation gap with respect to illegal acts.
When rebels attacked the state government in the 1784 Shays' Rebellion, Adams did not hesitate to condemn the illegal acts. And Adams went on to a successful political career in Massachusetts politics as an ally of Governor John Hancock, winning the position of Lieutenant Governor in 1789.
54, entitled "Illegal Acts by Clients," the Auditing Standards Board acknowledged that entities may be affected by a variety of laws and regulations that have an "indirect" effect on the financial statements.
While a detailed discussion of criminal sanctions is beyond the scope of this article,(32) it is worthwhile to summarize some of the comparable issues that arise when a corporation is held liable for criminal tax fraud based on the illegal acts of an employee, officer, director or shareholder.
The sell of animals at road side was an illegal act, it further stated.
The leadership of the party condemned illegal act of India saying that freedom of Kashmiri people cannot be suppressed this way.
The bar members urged the higher authorities to look into the matter and take action against the police personnel involved in the raid and 'illegal act'.
He said opposition will stage protest against every illegal act of the government.
Undoubtedly, they did such no criminal or illegal act and although they are students and were protesting for Baloch missing persons in a very peaceful way, they still got abducted.
Lapena discovered an attempt by Don Trading to allegedly smuggle 5,000 sacks of sugar at the Manila International Container Port (MICP) last week along with some BOC employees attempting to cover the illegal act by insisting that there were no irregularities found in the shipment.