in neurological patients with psychiatric morbidity.
This lower level of attack and avoidance behavior shown by subjects with greater tumor development may indicate a change of strategy in response to social stress, which in turn may be considered a result of illness behavior
Seeking medical care is one of the variables that arouses the most interest in the field of illness behaviors
These observations led us to study illness behavior
in association with personality traits, anxiety, and depression in such patients, and we published a report in 1996.
Instead of being caught up in the debate regarding depression and CFS, it is more important to recognize and understand the interaction of depression and illness behaviors
in patients' with CFS quality of life (Schweitzer et al.
The first measures aspects of illness behavior
, and the second measures aspects of morbidity.
By using these simple measures, illness behavior
can be tempered dramatically, and the employer no longer falls prey to the epidemic syndrome.
Diagnosis of fibromyalgia was not followed by a surge in illness behavior
and health care utilization.
Along with self-identification comes the acceptance of cultural norms and practices that have implications for health and illness behavior
They deal with one or more of five issues: (a) etiology or causation, (b) symptoms, (c) pathophysiology, (d) course of the illness (including the appropriate illness behavior
and level of severity of the disorder), and (e) treatment (Kleinman, 1980; Kleinman et al.
The Psychopathology of Functional Somatic Syndromes: Neurobiology and Illness Behavior
in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Gulf War Illness, Irritable Bowel, and Premenstrual Dysphoria