illusion

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illusion

(Deception), noun aberration, distortion, fallacy, false impression, misbelief, misconception

illusion

(Impression), noun apparition, artifice, chimera, daydream, deception, delusion, dream, figment, masquerade, mirage, myth, optical illusion, phantasm, phantasmagoria, phantom, semblance, specter, spirit, vision, wraith
See also: artifice, deception, distortion, fallacy, figment, phantom, prestidigitation, semblance, specter, vision

ILLUSION. A species of mania in which the sensibility of the nervous system is altered, excited, weakened or perverted. The patient is deceived by the false appearance of things, and his reason is not sufficiently active and powerful to correct the error, and this last particular is what distinguishes the sane from the insane. Illusions are not unfrequent in a state of health, but reason corrects the errors and dissipates them. A square tower seen from a distance may appear round, but on approaching it, the error is corrected. A distant mountain may be taken for a cloud, but as we approach, we discover the truth. To a person in the cabin of a vessel under sail, the shore appears to move; but reflection and a closer examination soon destroy this illusion. An insane individual is mistaken on the qualities, connexions, and causes of the impressions he actually receives, and he forms wrong judgments as to his internal and external sensations; and his reason does not correct the error. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 538; Esquirol, Maladies Mentales, prem. partie, III., tome 1, p. 202. Dict. des Sciences Medicales, Hallucination, tome 20, p. 64. See Hallucination.

References in periodicals archive ?
Animation Courtyard: See favourite Disney moments come to life in the illusional word of Animagique and discover the tricks of the trade in the Art of Disney Animation.
AoYour foreign policies have been based on such illusional perceptions.
Her veil adorned with pearls and crystals fell from an illusional rhinestone tiara.
Within the work of these theologians one ever finds the traces of the Black aesthetic which pushes for a dwarfed understanding of Black life and a sacrifice of individuality for the sake of an illusional unified Black "faith.
Many factors have come together to create this illusional reality, but let's trace a cartography through one symbol: the Union Jack, that same red white and blue that plastered the Time graphic in 1966 and now not only appears in VF, draped around actress Patsy Kensit and Oasis singer Liam Gallagher, but was also turned into a cashmere top by Clements Ribeiro and flaunted by Naomi Campbell at London's "Fashion Week" this February.
Do we really want to sacrifice that for half remembered and half imagined dreams of an illusional imperial past as imagined by some Conservatives and UKIP?