However, the issues of conflict, desire, and violence for both Laura and Carlos Rodo are all evanescent since the infliction of violence on a scapegoat only leads to an illusoriness
that promotes the urge to reaccentuate actions that can only become a cyclical phenomenon.
31) Hope's illusoriness
serves to collapse both the narrator and his intended audience at the start of Rasselas, much as the universality of "vanity" collapses the satirist and his targets in these famous lines from The Vanity of Human Wishes: "He left a name at which the world grew pale, / To point a moral or adorn a tale.
In A Free State, he speaks with the voice of Hindu consciousness of the ephemerality and illusoriness
of bodily existence.
But the key concept here is not so much its legitimacy as its illusoriness
, and the threat can be seen as much a metaphysical as a political one.
This resignation or melancholy is also emphasized by the panorama's illusoriness
, formed by the double character of the panoramic picture as both a representative or a simulated place -- the churchyard as a dead model of Paris -- and a represented place, which is the real Paris lying in the distance.
His recurrent "I's," however, more so than those of a "normal" narrator, reveal their illusoriness
as signs of stability.
The theoretical underpinnings of cultural studies (however attenuated now) are poststructuralist, attentive to the illusoriness
of the subject's autonomy, the play of desire in language, the instability and bad faith of binary oppositions.
At times this hard-won stance seems to him just a habit of mind, perhaps absorbed from Hindu notions of the illusoriness
of ordinary life (maya) and the fusion of opposites (nondualism, advaita; see his "Mystery as Mantra: Letter from Oris-sa," WLT 68:2 [Spring 1994], p.
The illusory character of reality and the reality of illusoriness
are dramatized and symbolized by the manner in which television informs Annie Eliza's consciousness and language.
Montaigne is implicitly aware of the illusoriness
of repetitions as he discusses somatic issues in "De la ressemblance des enfans aux peres.
Mocking the lord chief justiceship and, ultimately, the monarchy (though, interestingly, not the chief target of Puritan attacks, the prelacy--a point that I will ultimately address), Falstaff demonstrates the illusoriness
of claims to hereditary authority and to authority bestowed by hereditary monarchs.