Impeach

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Impeach

To accuse; to charge a liability upon; to sue. To dispute, disparage, deny, or contradict; as in to impeach a judgment or decree, or impeach a witness; or as used in the rule that a jury cannot impeach its verdict. To proceed against a public officer for crime or misfeasance, before a proper court, by the presentation of a written accusation called Articles of Impeachment.

In the law of evidence, the testimony of a witness is impeached by earlier statements that the witness has made if they are inconsistent with the statements to which the witness testifies.

impeach

v. 1) to attempt to prove that a witness has not told the truth or has been inconsistent, by introducing contrary evidence, including statements made outside of the courtroom in depositions or in statements of the witness heard by another. 2) to charge a public official with a public crime for which the punishment is removal from office. One President, Andrew Johnson in 1868, was charged with violation of federal laws in a politically-motivated impeachment, but was acquitted by the margin of one vote in a trial held by the Senate. President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 rather than face impending impeachment charges brought by the House of Representatives in the Watergate affair, in which he obstructed the investigation and lied to Congress about his participation. Several federal judges have been impeached and nine have been found guilty by the Senate.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps sensing that the public does not buy the defense of Clinton's statements as "legally accurate," Ruff argued on Meet the Press that perjury is not an impeachable offense anyway: "Whatever the president did or whatever the president said, whether it was in January or in August, there simply is no basis for removing the president from office."
Such act cannot be considered a legal transgression, and even [less] so, an impeachable offense,' Panelo said.
The document expresses the sense of the Senate that the constitution should be followed in removing an impeachable official such as the chief justice from office.
The bloc added that after several months of hearing, Gadon's impeachment complaint has proven nothing that rises to the level of impeachable offense.
So, hindi ko po maintindihan, kung bakit naging impeachable offense iyan [The Constitution states the Supreme Court has jurisdiction on quo warranto petitions so I don't understand why that became an impeachable offense]," he added.
Meanwhile, the CFJ - composed of 57 organizations - went back to the Senate yesterday to ask the institution to come up with a resolution expressing its sense that the quo warranto proceedings of the SC should be suspended and that the court should respect the exclusive power of the Senate to remove impeachable officials, in this case, the chief justice.
'By giving today an alleged violator a chance to correct and comply, under that law, which is not heeded, he may get away with a fine not exceeding P5,000, not an offense rising to an impeachable level.
We know of no crime that has been committed by Bill Clinton, and certainly no impeachable offense.
Roque also downplayed warnings that Duterte's admission of a foreign intelligence supplying him information about his critics was an impeachable offense.
Sereno has opposed the quo warranto petition against her as she insisted that, under the Constitution, impeachable officers like the chief justice can only be removed through impeachment based on culpable violation of the Constitution, betrayal of public trust and commission of high crimes.
The Court also ruled that the SC has the power to remove Sereno through quo warranto despite her being an impeachable officer and that the case could be resolved independently from the impeachment case before Congress.