Duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
After thorough deliberation on the motion by contributors, the single prayer was amended to review the import duty upward from its current 10% without placing a ceiling of 35%.
Phone owners need to mention the PSID number in the form to be submitted at the time of paying import duty at a bank counter or through online banking channels.
In December 2015, the Minister of Finance received a recommendation from the Minister of Trade and Industry for an increase in the rate of import duty on wheat and wheaten flour from R911.20 per tonne to R1 224.31 per tonne, i.e.
Finance Minister Ishaq Dar in his post budget press conference explained that budget 2015-16 is for the poor people of Pakistan and increase in the taxes on mobile phones is mainly targeting high end smartphones whereas the relief of waiver on import duty will pass on to poor people who can only afford a cheap mobile phone.
India's commerce minister has suggested that the import duty on gold be cut.
SUGAR turned bitter on Monday getting costlier by `60 per quintal at leading wholesale markets with the import duty being raised from 15 per cent to 40 per cent.
New Delhi: The Indian government is likely to increase import duty on jewellery from 10 per cent to 15 per cent with a view to check inward shipment of gold besides protecting domestic manufacturers.
Sandeep Singh, deputy MD and COO (marketing and commercial), said, 'The Lexus project has been delayed due to heavy import duty and the sluggish market.
Under the concessional import duty of 30%, the total duty incidence would fall around 80%, less than half off the current rates.
The Islamic Republic has doubled the import duty on rice from 45 percent to 90 percent to block rice imports that Iranian rice growers complain are driving down prices.
Manufacturers of confectionery products announce higher prices unless the Government extends the measure of a reduced import duty rate on sugar.