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Incarceration; the act of restraining the personal liberty of an individual; confinement in a prison.

Imprisonment can be effected without the application of physical restraint by verbal compulsion coupled with the display of available force. The tort of False Imprisonment involves the illegal arrest or detention of an individual without a warrant, by an illegal warrant, or by an illegally executed warrant, either in a prison or any place used temporarily for such purpose, or by force and constraint without actual confinement.


noun commitment to an institution, commitment to prison, confinement, custody, detainment, detainment in custody, held in captivity, held in restraint, in captivity, in custody, in jail, incarceration, internment, keep behind bars, kept as captive, kept in captivity, kept in cussody, kept in detention, kept under arrest, locked up, put behind bars, put in a cell, put under restraint, sent to jail, sent to prison
Associated concepts: false imprisonment, habeas corpus
See also: apprehension, arrest, bondage, captivity, commitment, custody, detention, enclosure, fetter, incarceration, restraint



IMPRISONMENT. The restraint of a person contrary to his will. 2 Inst. 589; Baldw. Rep. 239, 600. Imprisonment is either lawful or unlawful; lawful imprisonment is used either for crimes or for the appearance of a party in a civil suit, or on arrest in execution.
     2. Imprisonment for crimes is either for the appearance of a person accused, as when he cannot give bail; or it is the effect of a sentence, and then it is a part of the punishment.
     3. Imprisonment in civil cases takes place when a defendant on being sued on bailable process refuses or cannot give the bail legally demanded, or is under a capias ad satisfaciendum, when he is taken in execution under a judgment. An unlawful imprisonment, commonly called false imprisonment, (q.v.) means any illegal imprisonment whatever, either with or without process, or under color of process wholly illegal, without regard to any question whether any crime has been committed or a debt due.
     4. As to what will amount to an imprisonment, the most obvious modes are confinement in a prison or a private house, but a forcible detention in the street, or the touching of a person by a peace officer by way of arrest, are also imprisonments. Bac. Ab. Trespass, D 3; 1 Esp. R. 431, 526. It has been decided that lifting up a person in his chair, and carrying him out of the room in which he was sitting with others, and excluding him from the room, was not an imprisonment; 1 Chit. Pr. 48; and the merely giving charge of a person to a peace officer, not followed by any actual apprehension of the person, does not amount to an imprisonment, though the party to avoid it, next day attend at a police; 1 Esp. R. 431; New Rep. 211; 1 Carr. & Payn. 153; S. C. II Eng. Com. Law, R. 351; and if, in consequence of a message from a sheriff's officer holding a writ, the defendant execute and send him a bail bond, such submission to the process will not constitute an arrest. 6 Barn. & Cress. 528; S. C. 13 Eng. Com. Law Rep. 245; Dowl. & R. 233. Vide, generally, 14 Vin. Ab. 342; 4 Com. Dig. 618; 1 Chit. Pr. 47; Merl. Repert. mot Emprisonment; 17 Eng. Com. L. R. 246, n.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the document, as many as 20 individuals were given 20-year rigorous imprisonment (RI), one individual 18-year, one 16-year and 13 were awarded 14-year RI.
In addition, Avon Hart-Johnson shared an insightful interview this week on the Reading and Writing Addiction blog about herself and the release of "African American Women with Incarcerated Mates the Psychological and Social Impacts of Mass Imprisonment.
He said 10 culprits of child abuse had been awarded 25 years imprisonment, 04 had been awarded 20 years imprisonment, 02 awarded 15 years imprisonment, 7 awarded 14 years imprisonment, 02 awarded 12 years imprisonment, 19 persons awarded 10 years imprisonment, 05 awarded 07 years imprisonment, 02 awarded 05 years imprisonment, 06 awarded 03 years imprisonment and 08 culprits had been awarded 02 years imprisonment in child abuse cases.
Meanwhile, the Sessions Judge sentenced two brothers Ajab Khan S/O Qadir Khan and Fateh Khan son of Qadir Khan 25 years' imprisonment in a murder case.
On Wednesday, Malakand division Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) judge Mohammad Arif awarded one-time life imprisonment and second time three years imprisonment along with Rs300,000 fine to the offender.
New Delhi [India], Jan 20 ( ANI ): The Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Madhya Pradesh government and sought a detailed reply from it within four weeks on a plea seeking a fixed jail term in cases of life imprisonment.
In another case of Hyderabad, the Director of an infrastructure company was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment of six months and fine for wilful attempt to evade tax.
LAHORE -- An accountability court on Friday awarded 12 years imprisonment to the prime suspect in the Canal Motors scam and four years to a co-accused.
He observed that the truth is hidden through fake witnesses while the court ordered release of accused who had been awarded imprisonment from High Court for ten years.
SR, Doha Answer: According to Article 81 of the Penal law, the suspension of execution may be cancelled in any of the following cases: (1) If during the period of suspension, a judgment for imprisonment is rendered against the convict for more than three months for an intentional offence perpetrated during or before the said period and the court did not know about it when ordering the suspension of execution; or (2) If it appears that a judgment of imprisonment for a term of more than three months for an intentional offence was passed before ordering the suspension of execution and the court was unaware about it.
Imprisonment Worldwide: The Current Situation and an Alternative Future
Abdulmuntaqim Ad-Deen 6 Baltimore, MD - Offense: Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base; District of Maryland; Sentence: 235 months' imprisonment; five years' supervised release (October 8, 2008); Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to a term of 180 months' imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.