Improvement

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improvement

n. any permanent structure on real property, or any work on the property (such as planting trees) which increases its value.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

IMPROVEMENT, estates. This term is of doubtful meaning It would seem to apply principally to buildings, though generally it extends to amelioration of every description of property, whether real or personal; it is generally explained by other words.
     2. Where, by the terms of a lease, the covenant was to leave at the end of the term a water-mill with all the fixtures, fastenings, and improvements, during the demise fixed, fastened, or set up on or upon the premises, in good plight and condition, it was held to include a pair of new millstones set up by the lessee during the term, although the custom of the country in general authorized the tenant to remove them. 9 Bing. 24; 3 Sim. 450; 2 Ves. & Bea. 349. Vide 3 Yeates, 71; Addis. R. 335; 4 Binn. R. 418; 5 Binn. R. 77; 5 S. & R. 266; 1 Binn. R. 495; 1 John. Ch. R. 450; 15 Pick. R. 471. Vide Profits. 2 Man. & Gra. 729, 757; S. C. 40 Eng. C. L. R. 598, 612.
     3. Tenants in common are not bound to pay for permanent improvements, made on the common property, by one of the tenants in common without their consent. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1881.

IMPROVEMENT, rights. An addition of some useful thing to a machine, manufacture or composition of matter.
     2. The patent law of July 4, 1836, authorizes the granting of a patent for any new and useful improvement on any art, machine manufacture or composition of matter. Sect. 6. It is often very difficult to say what is a new and useful improvement, the cases often approach very near to each other. In the present improved state of machinery, it is almost impracticable not to employ the same elements of motion, and in some particulars, the same manner of operation, to produce any new effect. 1 Gallis. 478; 2 Gallis. 51. See 4 B. & Ald. 540; 2 Kent, Com. 370.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, trying one or more of the following may help improve circulation:
These results suggest that the instructors actually "learned by their own mistakes." That is, they used the videos as a self-modeling tool to improve their instructions.
All three of these organizations stress the need for school counselors to use research-based programs to improve academic and social outcomes for all students and support counselors' efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of their programs and share outcomes with key stakeholders.
They are said to improve sink mark removal and reduce weight while preserving structural properties of ABS, LDPE, HDPE, and PP parts injection molded and extruded/co-extruded.
Let's utilize the same technologies that improve productivity, effectiveness and customer service to deal with these problems.
During the presentations and the report writing that followed, the MAP members thought openly and frankly about new programs and measures to improve operational efficiency without being encumbered by the hospital's traditional business model and apparent "group-think" approach to operations.
Taiichi Ohno and Shigeo Shingo of Toyota devised the system to improve the process of the manufacturing of automobiles.
* Biocides improve machine performance by killing biological activity and keeping the machine clean, resulting in fewer boilouts and reduced downtime.
Ten national organizations have signed on as founding partners in the campaign, hoping to develop highquality systems that gather data on the same students year to year in every state over the next three years; to promote the valuable uses of such data and financial data to improve achievement; and to use common data standards and efficient data transfer.
To work with 25 area agencies serving children and youth and community partners to create a community action plan to improve the lives and outcomes of children and families in Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox and Addington areas.
The converged network architectures from Cisco Systems can transform the back-office efficiency of public sector organizations and the productivity of their staff, to improve the quality, reach and cost of citizen services.