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The semantic contribution of "se" is varied and far from uncontroversial (inchoative marker, reflexive marker, passive marker, telic marker, etc.), and so are the different kinds thereof that have been claimed to exist (see references above).
However, when the external argument is deleted and the inchoative alternate is generated, the clitic "se" is the element that deletes these features due to its nominal nature (see Teomiro 2010, for a more detailed analysis).
As advanced above, a semantic constraint on the occurrence of verbal predicates in inchoatives and middles is that they have to be pure change of state verbs.
The agentivity load of the subject of the inchoatives and middle constructions is a controversial issue.
One important difference is that states can be taken as inchoative in certain contexts, whereas imperfectives cannot.
(15.) Perfective le appears with state verb constellations in ingressives and inchoative clauses.
Having explored the lexical and conceptual characteristics of the decausative (inchoative) form, the question as to which specific properties the restriction on the alternation is based upon still needs to be answered: what is it that allows only a subset of change-of-state events to be realized either transitively or intransitively?
For instance, the verb gain only has inchoative uses when referring to scalar change, while the verb lower only allows causative uses in the domain of scalar change.
The spontaneous subconstruction OR Y BECOMES Z shows a nonvolitional patient and a "cut" effector, appears with change of state STRETCH and BREAK verbs and may be thought of as inchoative. She completes her contribution by listing the properties of these two subconstructions in detail.
For instance, it is more usual for entities to freeze, dry, or wake up of their own accord, so the inchoative is typically less marked than the causative.
It is argued in Section 5 that inactive, inchoative, and positional stems encode state changes, and that this semantic property is reflected in their morphosyntactic behavior, including (at least indirectly) their linking properties.
There are two further important changes: (a) from reflexive to progressive, shown in (3), and (b) from inchoative to reflexive, shown in (4).