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Thus, while this is a case of incongruence, goals are aligned.
The counselor's congruence is what helps a client to admit to incongruence resulting from the client's relational development, and helping them to admit to this incongruence paradoxically leads them toward becoming more congruent.
Although previous literature suggests that the essence of PP conflict is goal incongruence, psychological ownership theory further explain why and when the controlling shareholders has incongruent goals with minority shareholders.
The third section provides an overview of the experiences and observations of racialized social workers who participated in the interviews and focus group regarding the significance and effect of race in their work life in terms of professional incongruence, which shows how their work is devalued by supervisors, co-workers, other professionals and clients.
However, conceptions of what a university is and what universities should evolve into are not necessarily the same, leading to an incongruence in the missions and objectives of institutions relative to the student populations they seek to serve.
Evil itself is incongruence, but it differs from itself from level to level.
The palpable incongruence between the approaches of the two countries regarding how to define moderate rebels and what to do with non-ISIL Islamist groups provides potential for a rift that could seriously jeopardize the mission, even in the early stages of Turkish-American cooperation.
Rogers (1951) provided a comprehensive framework for understanding human development, psychological maladjustment, and personality change in his 19 propositions (Ray, 2011; Wilkins, 2010), and Rogers (1957) described the environment necessary for constructive personality change to occur when he outlined six necessary and sufficient conditions for therapy: (a) The therapist and the client are in psychological contact, (b) the client experiences incongruence, (c) the therapist is congruent in the relationship, (d) the therapist experiences unconditional positive regard (UPR) toward the client, (e) the therapist experiences and communicates empathic understanding toward the client, and (f) the client perceives the therapist's UPR and empathic understanding.
This research is consistent with previous research on cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957), in which incongruence between attitudes and behavior creates a negative, motivational state, which impels individuals to reduce the inconsistency and ease the tension.
Dubbed by the author as "the Incongruence Dilemma," this framework focuses on the importance of identity and its implications on security considerations of states.
This paper investigates the effects of gender and gender role incongruence on the determination of criminal responsibility.