incriminate

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Related to incriminations: incriminatory

Incriminate

To charge with a crime; to expose to an accusation or a charge of crime; to involve oneself or another in a criminal prosecution or the danger thereof; as in the rule that a witness is not bound to give testimony that would tend to incriminate him or her.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

incriminate

v. to make a statement in which one admits that he/she has committed a crime or gives information that another named person has committed a crime. Under the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution, a person cannot be forced to give any information which would tend to incriminate himself/herself. Thus, he/she can refuse to answer any question which he/she feels might be a self-accusation or lead to information which would be so.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

incriminate

1 to bring into the possibility of a criminal charge.
2 in Scotland the word incrimination is used in a slightly different sense. Incrimination is a special defence, of which notice must be given, whereby the accused offers to show that another person committed the crime. See SELF-INCRIMINATION.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
(222) The second and third phases inquire into the presence of incrimination and compulsion, respectively.
First, is cognition a variable like compulsion and incrimination? In what may prove to be the single most important word in the Hubbell opinion, the Court referred to the "extensive" effort that Hubbell had to make to respond to the subpoena.
Where compulsion or incrimination is missing or below the required threshold, there would be no privilege.
As under Fisher, there would be no privilege where either compulsion or incrimination was missing.
Lettow, Fifth Amendment, First Principles: The Self Incrimination Clause, 93 MICH.
424, 428-30 (1971) (upholding California's "hit and run" statute which required drivers of cars involved in accidents to stop at scene and provide their names and addresses because statute "was not intended to facilitate criminal convictions but to promote the satisfaction of civil liabilities arising from automobile accidents." "[T]he mere possibility of incrimination is insufficient to defeat the strong policies in favor of a disclosure called for by statutes like the one challenged here.").
The Court has allowed disclosure requirements in "required records" cases only where incrimination is not likely.
601, 606 (1971) (reversing dismissal of indictment for possession of unregistered hand grenades; registration statute did not violate Fifth Amendment because any risk of incrimination was "merely 'trifling or imaginary'" and not "substantial and real").
52, 78 (1964) ("[T]he constitutional privilege against self-incrimination protects a state witness against incrimination under federal as well as state law and a federal witness against incrimination under state as well as federal law."), with United States v.