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An individual who is in current possession of a particular office and who is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
So it remains to be seen to what extent the BJP succeeded to counter the twin challenge of eliminating the possible threat of anti- incumbency as well as the damage control", said an election observer Anirudh Sharma.
With only two political parties, the Congress and BJP, in the state and no space for a third formation, the fight in November will be a direct one with incumbency as the deciding factor.
Through our welfare programmes and policies, I look forward to pro- incumbency and positive votes," he told Mail Today.
Sushil said it was likely that Nitish would align with the Congress but he was going to gain less and lose more from the alliance because of the strong anti- incumbency factor.
Besides, the power of incumbency can play a major role only in an election, where the people love the incumbent.
Obama's incumbency helped to offset the still-recovering economy in the second contest, Rattner argued.
The NAB has demanded record of appointments from Utility Corporation of Pakistan during the incumbency of Wattoo as federal minister for Industries and Production, sources said.
"We were pleased to see that our efforts to expand our enterprise product portfolio are starting to yield tangible results while we also continued to make progress fortifying our incumbency with our service provider customers.
The contest in Chhattisgarh again promises to be a nail-biter as the ruling BJP is facing anti- incumbency, while the Congress is up against the challenge of the Ajit Jogi-Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) tie-up.
Dzirasah, speaking in a telephone interview with The Chronicle, said former President Mahama had all the incumbency advantage in 2016 to defeat the NPP Presidential candidate but he was beaten with a wide margin, which should inform him that he would further ridicule himself if he stands again.
During her incumbency, there has been a lot of complaints against her relating to malpractices and mismanagement in admissions in the medical college.
He said that affairs at the level of Director E and DM are in confusion as, on one hand the incumbency and designated office of the director E and DM is under lock and key of its first incumbent is with Zafar Iqbal and, on the other hand, Muhammad Attaullah who was posted as director E and DM on current charge basis is also holding the office simultaneously.