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An individual who is in current possession of a particular office and who is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a potential candidate for the highest elected office in Sri Lanka, it is incumbent upon him to demonstrate a greater commitment to the electoral process.
It is incumbent upon the big powers to take the matter seriously otherwise there will be a severe backlash to New Delhi's action.
It is therefore incumbent upon us to lay the groundwork and set up the infrastructure to truly 'turn on' addressability for the industry in a way that is secure, scalable and effective," said Marcien Jenckes, President, Advertising, Comcast Cable.
"It is, therefore, incumbent upon you to dismiss the state government led by the BJP to ensure that the Indian National Congress, which is the single-largest party in the august House and is presently enjoying the majority, be called to form government," Kavlekar said.
'Ito 'yong mga sinasabi natin sa mga pulis: Even without the request, kung pupunta 'yung isang kandidato, isang incumbent [official] sa isang lugar at makita naman talaga na maraming tao, it is incumbent upon the policemen to secure the area, not the person, but all the people there,' he added.
He said that being a signatory to the Geneva Convention on prisoners rights, it was incumbent upon India to recognize rights of the Kashmiri prisoners but contrary to this, it was suppressing them and subjecting them to worst torture, cruelty, and apathy and putting their lives at risk.
Chief Tadhg Daly said: "It is incumbent upon our health service to ensure older people who have completed their care in our hospitals are enabled to transition back into their communities in a timely manner.
LDI Advisory Letter 2018-02 states: "It is incumbent upon producers to make a written request to obtain the consent of or a waiver from the commissioner if the producer intends to employ or allow to associate with his insurance business in any manner a person who has been convicted of any felony.
Roque said it is incumbent upon the economic managers to make sure that the President's aspirations for federalism will push through, even if they have issues - particularly on addressing the debt burden.
On the monumental project, he said it was "incumbent upon the Kuwaiti leadership to provide the people of this country with quality healthcare".
The teachers should create interest in students to develop their personality and character, while it is incumbent upon students to respect their teachers.
However, it is incumbent upon the agency to study the framework of the proposed Constitution.