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Related to Independence: Declaration of Independence


One of the essential attributes of a state under International Law is external sovereignty—that is, the right to exercise freely the full range of power a state possesses under international law. Recognition of a state as independent necessarily implies that the recognizing states have no legal authority over the independent state. The status of a fully independent state should be contrasted with that of dependent or vassal states, where a superior state has the legal authority to impose its will over the subject, or inferior, state.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INDEPENDENCE. A state of perfect irresponsibility to any superior; the United States are free and independent of all earthly power.
     2. Independence may be divided into political and natural independence. By the former is to be understood that we have contracted no tie except those which flow from the three great natural rights of safety, liberty and property. The latter consists in the power of being able to enjoy a permanent well-being, whatever may be the disposition of those from whom we call ourselves independent. In that sense a nation may be independent with regard to most people, but not independent of the whole world. Vide on of Independence.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Independence doesn't mean you never need other people.
Details such as the list of country's presidents, Declaration of Independence and patriotic quotes have also been included.
In his speech, President Lee said in 1919 many countries have started the independence movements.
International Talk Like a Pirate Day (popular), Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Kitts and Nevis from the United Kingdom in 1983
During a music launch here, eminent Ghazal singer Pankaj Udhas said: "India has won its independence 63 years ago.
to describe in writing to the audit committee all relationships between the firm or any of its affiliates and the issuer or persons in a financial reporting oversight role at the issuer that may reasonably be thought to bear on the firm's independence.
Specifically, the AICPA recommended the DOL adopt an approach to establishing independence rules and guidelines that is based on a comprehensive framework and set of risk-based principles, and establish a process to ensure that such independence rules and guidelines continue to be interpreted and updated as may become necessary.
In this paper, four kinds of mind-independence are distinguished: ontological, causal, structural, and individuative independence. Appreciating these distinctions entails that one can reject the individuative independence of the natural world, and still maintain that the natural world is causally and structurally independent of us.
Jeffrey Dunne, Kevin Welsh and Jeffrey Oram of CB Richard Ellis' New York Tri-State Investment Team recently represented Hines VAF 20 Independence, L.P., an entity controlled by Hines Interests, in the sale of 20 Independence Boulevard.
What do we in the Naval Audit Service mean by our "independence," when we use the term as internal auditors?
Bender, a vocal critic of Independence who controls 21% of the bank's stock, filed the $20 million lawsuit.
8 Ensure auditor independence. If the auditor is not independent, both the company and the auditor are in violation of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.