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One of the essential attributes of a state under International Law is external sovereignty—that is, the right to exercise freely the full range of power a state possesses under international law. Recognition of a state as independent necessarily implies that the recognizing states have no legal authority over the independent state. The status of a fully independent state should be contrasted with that of dependent or vassal states, where a superior state has the legal authority to impose its will over the subject, or inferior, state.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INDEPENDENCE. A state of perfect irresponsibility to any superior; the United States are free and independent of all earthly power.
     2. Independence may be divided into political and natural independence. By the former is to be understood that we have contracted no tie except those which flow from the three great natural rights of safety, liberty and property. The latter consists in the power of being able to enjoy a permanent well-being, whatever may be the disposition of those from whom we call ourselves independent. In that sense a nation may be independent with regard to most people, but not independent of the whole world. Vide on of Independence.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Al Jalahma said he had the honour to listen to the royal directives and observations on the NAO report and its regulatory role in protecting public money and maintaining the highest degrees of credibility, independency and transparency.
The first is that the New Governance Rules has added that a Board Member will lack independency if such Board Member or any of his/her Relatives work or has worked in the Senior Executive Management of the Company or a Subsidiary during the last two years preceding the date of being Board Member candidate.
The GPC president also called on all national parties for unifying efforts to force "the Saudi aggression to respect the will of the Yemeni people, the independency of Yemen and end its aggression war."
BAJAUR -- The people of Bajaur Agency demanded federal government to announce reforms package for FATA on the occasion of country's independency day so they could celebrate Independence Day with true pump and show.
Wisam Rashid, a member organizers of the demonstrations, confirmed the independency of the demonstrators and not to be dragged behind the parties, warning of attempts by some parties and forces to ride the wave of popular demonstrations to exploit their demands for their advantage ./ End
PRyE[currency]TyNE (CyHAN)- Balkan country of Kosovo is celebrating its independency. As part of the 8th anniversary of the independency of the country, a parade, watched by thousands of people was held at Mother Teresa Square located in capital city of Pristina.
Due to the increasing demand for upgradeable sensor technology with vendor independency, its prices went down dramatically.
Even today, boards are facing challenges with respect to board diversity, independency, and ownership structure.
Stadium facilities manager Darren Crossman said: "We have a very good relationship with Orchard Energy as the supplier of our market intelligence and information, so when we identified that they were offering the ESOS evaluation and audit service it seemed to be the natural progression to utilise their services and retain independency from any one energy supplier.
There is a direct relationship between independency and authority at work and organizational commitment of staff.
The activists held a day-long conference in Kabul, an event that brought together members of several civil society institutes including National Women Institute (NWI), Youths National Understanding Process (YNUP) and Justice Movement for Independency. A number of political figures, women and human rights activists also attended the conference.

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