indicia


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Related to indicia: indicium

Indicia

Signs; indications. Circumstances that point to the existence of a given fact as probable, but not certain. For example, indicia of partnership are any circumstances which would induce the belief that a given person was in reality, though not technically, a member of a given firm.

The term is much used in Civil Law in a sense nearly or entirely synonymous with Circumstantial Evidence. It denotes facts that give rise to inferences, rather than the inferences themselves.

indicia

n. (in-dish-yah) from Latin for "signs," circumstances which tend to show or indicate that something is probable. It is used in the form of "indicia of title," or "indicia of partnership," particularly when the "signs" are items like letters, certificates, or other things that one would not have unless the facts were as the possessor claimed. (See: circumstantial evidence)

indicia

noun characteristic marks, characteristics, expressions, features, hints, indications, marks, means of recognition, signs, symbols, tokens
Associated concepts: indicia of ownership

INDICIA, civil law. Signs, marks. Example: in replevin, the chattel must possess indicia, or earmarks, by which it can be distinguished from all others of the same description. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3556. This term is very nearly synonymous with the common law phrase, "circumstantial evidence." It was used to designate the facts giving rise to the indirect inference, rather than the inference itself; as, for example, the possession of goods recently stolen, vicinity to the scene of the crime, sudden change in circumstances or conduct, &c. Mascardus, de Prob. lib. 1, quaest. 15; Dall. Dict. Competence Criminelle, 92, 415; Morin, Dict. du Droit Criminal, mots Accusation, Chambre du Conseil.
     2. Indicia may be defined to be conjectures, which result from circumstances not absolutely necessary and certain, but merely probable, and which may turn out not to be true, though they have the appearance of truth. Denisart, mot Indices. See Best on Pres. 13, note f.
     3. However numerous indicia may be, they only show that a thing may be, not that it has been. An indicium, can have effect only when a connexion is essentially necessary with the principal. Effects are known by their causes, but only when the effects can arise only from the causes to which they. are attributed. When several causes may have produced one and the same effect, it is, therefore, unreasonable to attribute it to any one of such causes. A combination of circumstances sometimes conspire against an innocent person, and, like mute witnesses, depose against him. There is danger in such cases, that a jury may be misled; their minds prejudiced, their indignation unduly excited, or their zeal seduced. Under impressions thus produced, they may forget their true relation to the accused, and condemn a man whom they would have acquitted had they required that proof and certainty which the law demands. See D'Aguesseau, Oeuvres, vol. xiii. p. 243. See Circumstances.

References in periodicals archive ?
29 December 2014 - Mann-based investment firm EPE Special Opportunities plc's ESO Investments 1 LP has disposed of its investment in UK-based marketing services firm Indicia Group Ltd.
Surface indicia is generally described as "a design for an ornament, impression, print, or picture applied to or embodied in an article of manufacture," and consitutes protectable subject matter via a design patent under 35 U.
Applying those indicia here, the following facts are clearly undisputed: A did not serve as an officer or board member of M; he did not participate in M's day-to-day management; and he did not have the authority to hire or fire employees.
It can also can be applied to laser mastered holograms by including the scrambled indicia as a second image superimposed on the laser master.
The indicia contain readable information such as the date and place of mailing and the amount of postage paid.
These are indicia of comprehensive consolidated supervision.
Justice Ginsberg ruled that the HMT "bears the indicia of a tax" because Congress called it a tax and because it is part of the Internal Revenue Code.
As can be seen from the foregoing examples, an independent contractor relationship can be found even where indicia of employment are present.
com), the world's leader in innovative, eco-friendly mailing products and solutions is proud to announce that the United States Postal Service has approved the first 2-Way postage Indicia for mailers.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 24, 2014-Visualant receives US patent for Systems, Methods and Articles Related to Machine-Readable Indicia and Symbols
25 June 2013 a[euro]" French biopharmaceutical specialist Transgene SA (EPA:TNG) said its Platine Pharma Services SAS subsidiary is buying the immuno-monitoring activities of domestic Indicia Biotechnology SA for an undisclosed sum.
Tests consistently show that, for consumer mailings, a live stamp out-pulls any other type of indicia.