indicia

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Indicia

Signs; indications. Circumstances that point to the existence of a given fact as probable, but not certain. For example, indicia of partnership are any circumstances which would induce the belief that a given person was in reality, though not technically, a member of a given firm.

The term is much used in Civil Law in a sense nearly or entirely synonymous with Circumstantial Evidence. It denotes facts that give rise to inferences, rather than the inferences themselves.

indicia

n. (in-dish-yah) from Latin for "signs," circumstances which tend to show or indicate that something is probable. It is used in the form of "indicia of title," or "indicia of partnership," particularly when the "signs" are items like letters, certificates, or other things that one would not have unless the facts were as the possessor claimed. (See: circumstantial evidence)

indicia

noun characteristic marks, characteristics, expressions, features, hints, indications, marks, means of recognition, signs, symbols, tokens
Associated concepts: indicia of ownership

INDICIA, civil law. Signs, marks. Example: in replevin, the chattel must possess indicia, or earmarks, by which it can be distinguished from all others of the same description. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3556. This term is very nearly synonymous with the common law phrase, "circumstantial evidence." It was used to designate the facts giving rise to the indirect inference, rather than the inference itself; as, for example, the possession of goods recently stolen, vicinity to the scene of the crime, sudden change in circumstances or conduct, &c. Mascardus, de Prob. lib. 1, quaest. 15; Dall. Dict. Competence Criminelle, 92, 415; Morin, Dict. du Droit Criminal, mots Accusation, Chambre du Conseil.
     2. Indicia may be defined to be conjectures, which result from circumstances not absolutely necessary and certain, but merely probable, and which may turn out not to be true, though they have the appearance of truth. Denisart, mot Indices. See Best on Pres. 13, note f.
     3. However numerous indicia may be, they only show that a thing may be, not that it has been. An indicium, can have effect only when a connexion is essentially necessary with the principal. Effects are known by their causes, but only when the effects can arise only from the causes to which they. are attributed. When several causes may have produced one and the same effect, it is, therefore, unreasonable to attribute it to any one of such causes. A combination of circumstances sometimes conspire against an innocent person, and, like mute witnesses, depose against him. There is danger in such cases, that a jury may be misled; their minds prejudiced, their indignation unduly excited, or their zeal seduced. Under impressions thus produced, they may forget their true relation to the accused, and condemn a man whom they would have acquitted had they required that proof and certainty which the law demands. See D'Aguesseau, Oeuvres, vol. xiii. p. 243. See Circumstances.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mientras el imperativo canino negativo--<<no mordera>>--responde al reto de hablar con el perro de una manera tal que, bajo la influencia de los alucinogenos, pueda entender, pero no responder, recrear la mordedura de Vanessa sirve como otra forma de imperativo canino negativo, pero en este caso no en un registro simbolico sino en un uno indicial.
Asi entonces, para Elizondo, la camara clara suministra, por una parte, el valor indicial de la traza, de huella y testimonio de lo real y, por otra, la funcion de recorte y encuadre de lo real.
Uma representacao assombra o mundo globalizado: a representacao indicial do real" Cadernos de Televisao.
En un ensayo llamado "Ficciones documentales", el fotografo catalan Joan Fontcuberta deconstruye alli lo que califica como el "discurso hegemonico de la modernidad fotografica", segun el cual la esencia de la fotografia residiria en su capacidad de significacion indicial y en su "voluntad de testimonio" (104).
La pelicula es una meditacion sobre la danza del documental entre lo indicial y lo iconico, ente presentacion y representacion--relaciones por las que Coutinho siempre manifesto fuerte interes--.
Lo que se inauguro con la alternancia en el 2000 fue una cultura indicial de los poderosos.
El objeto se integra tambien en forma indicial (oobjeto internoo para la tercera persona, segun denominacion propuesta inicialmente por Anderson, 1959).
Also, the fourth-order tensor of classical elasticity appears in the expression of the tangent stiffness matrix, making use of indicial notation to operate with it.
El objetivo principal que se ha especificado radica en comprobar la veracidad de una hipotesis prefijada que sostiene la suposicion de que los lideres dotan de un caracter indicial predominante a las fotografias que difunden mediante tweets, de manera que estas, en la mayoria de las ocasiones, se utilizan con la intencion de evidenciar u advertir el movimiento del candidato durante la campana electoral, ademas de recordar su presencia en un espacio de comunicacion bidireccional.
The concept of linguistic indicator becomes indicial exclusively in practical terms, respectively the pragmatism turns an indicator into an index as soon as the addressee and the recipient are clarified.
Sendo a linguagem vista sob essa otica, o carater indicial que a ela atribuem Mondada e Dubois (2003) nao deve ser tributado a uma falta de eficacia do sistema linguistico e cognitivo.