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It also has an important effect in inducing lipolysis and the release of fatty acids from adipose tissue when blood glucose is low.
For example, intracellular pathogens, such as viruses and intracellular bacteria, induce production of IL-12 or IL-18 by activated macrophages, presumably after ingestion of the partuculate pathogen, inducing IFN-gd production in natural killer (NK) cells, which in turn drives the differentiation of Th0 cells toward a Th1 phenotype producing IFN-gd, IL-2, and tumor necrosis factor bd (TNF-bd)d (Figure 2).
The same level and duration of the acoustic stress (100 dBA for 12 hr) were previously demonstrated to be effective in inducing ultrastructural alterations in rat adrenal cells, mainly involving the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (Pellegrini et al.
Although the molecular structure of BPA and DES is similar, it remains unknown whether this contributes to the similarity in their kinetics in inducing luciferase activity.
The same technique for inducing transparency should work for any atomic gas.
The induction of apoptosis appears to depend on the inducing agent, although apoptosis itself is a basic cellular inherent process (29).
Besides inducing liver necrosis, a single necrogenic dose of DEN to rats can also cause a decrease in the level of hepatic growth hormone (GH) receptor (10), the expression of which is partly regulated by GH (11).
Wy-14,643, a more potent carcinogen than DEHP, was more active in inducing chromosome aberrations.