infamy


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Infamy

Notoriety; condition of being known as possessing a shameful or disgraceful reputation; loss of character or good reputation.

At Common Law, infamy was an individual's legal status that resulted from having been convicted of a particularly reprehensible crime, rendering him or her incompetent as a witness at a trial. Infamy, by statute in certain jurisdictions, produces other legal disabilities and is sometimes described as civil death.

infamy

noun abasement, aspersion, bad name, bad reputation, baseness, blot, brand, contempt, defamation, degradation, derision, detestableness, disapprobation, discredit, disesteem, disfavor, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, disrespect, evil fame, humiliation, ignobility, ignominiousness, ignominy, ill repute, infamia, ingloriousness, loss of reputation, notoriety, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, probrum, public reproach, scandal, scorn, shame, stain, stigma, taint, tarnish
Associated concepts: infamous acts, infamous crime, infaaous offense, infamous punishment, infamy from conviccion of a crime
Foreign phrases: Quae sunt minoris culpae sunt majoris infamiae.Those things which are less culpable may be more infamous.
See also: atrocity, attaint, bad character, bad repute, contempt, defamation, discredit, disdain, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, ignominy, notoriety, obloquy, odium, onus, opprobrium, scandal, shame, stigma, turpitude, vice

INFAMY, crim. law, evidence. That state which is produced by the conviction of crime and the loss of honor, which renders the infamous person incompetent as a witness.
     2. It is to be considered, 1st. What crimes or punishment incapacitate a witness. 2d. How the guilt is to be proved. 3d. How the objection answered. 4th. The effect of infamy.
     3.-1. When a man is convicted of an offence which is inconsistent with the common principles of honesty and humanity, the law considers his oath to be of no weight, and excludes his testimony as of too doubtful and suspicious a nature to be admitted in a court of justice to deprive another of life, liberty or property. Gilb. L. E. 256; 2 Bulst. 154; 1 Phil. 23; Bull. N. P. 291. The crimes which render a person incompetent, are treason; 5 Mod. 16, 74; felony; 2 Bulst. 154; Co. Litt. 6; T. Raym. 369; all offences founded in fraud, and which come within the general. notion of the crimen falsi of the Roman law; Leach, 496; as perjury and forgery; Co. Litt. 6; Fort. 209; piracy 2 Roll. Ab. 886; swindling, cheating; Fort. 209; barratry; 2 Salk. 690; and the bribing a witness to absent himself from a trial, in order to get rid of his evidence. Fort. 208. It is the crime and not the punishment which renders the offender unworthy of belief. 1 Phill. Ev. 25.
     4.-2. In order to incapacitate the party, the judgment must be proved as pronounced by a court possessing competent jurisdiction. 1 Sid. 51; 2 Stark. C. 183; Stark. Ev. part 2, p. 144, note 1; Id. part 4, p. 716. But it has been held that a conviction of an infamous crime in another country, or another of the United States, does not render the witness incompetent on the ground of infamy. 17 Mass. 515. Though this doctrine appears to be at variance with the opinions entertained by foreign jurists, who maintain that the state or condition of a person in the place of his domicil accompanies him everywhere. Story, Confl. Sec. 620, and the authorities there cited; Foelix, Traite De Droit Intern. Prive, 31; Merl. Repert, mot Loi, Sec. 6, n. 6.
     5.-3. The objection to competency may be answered, 1st. By proof of pardon. See Pardon. And, 2d. By proof of a reversal by writ of error, which must be proved by the production of the record.
     6.-4. The judgment for an infamous crime, even for perjury, does not preclude the party from making an affidavit with a view to his own defence. 2 Salk. 461 2 Str. 1148; Martin's Rep. 45. He may, for instance, make an affidavit in relation to the irregularity of a judgment in a cause in which he, is a party, for otherwise he would be without a remedy. But the rule is confined to defence, and he cannot be heard upon oath as complainant. 2 Salk. 461 2 Str. 1148. When the witness becomes incompetent from infamy of character, the effect is the same as if he were dead and if he has attested any instrument as a witness, previous to his conviction, evidence may be given of his handwriting. 2 Str. 833; Stark. Ev. part. 2, sect. 193; Id. part 4, p. 723.
     7. By infamy is also understood the expressed opinion of men generally as to the vices of another. Wolff, Dr. de la Nat. et des Gens, Sec. 148.

References in periodicals archive ?
It's too bad, because basically "Infamy" began with a solid idea, but lost its way along the way from front cover to back cover.
"If a tale is only as good as its villains, then noted historian and biographer Richard Reeves' Infamy, a compulsively readable, emotionally rich and passionately written account of the internment of 120,000 American Japanese in concentration camps during World War ii, is as cathartic as Antigone....
Living in Infamy: Felon Disfranchisement and the History of American Citizenship, by Pippa Holloway, Oxford University Press, New York, 2014, 236 pp.
The recent article " Infamy redefined'' (Sunday Telegram, Dec.
Millions believed that Scotland was covering itself in infamy by releasing an unrepentant mass murderer.
In order to save army from further infamy, it is imperative that Pervez Musharraf be not declared traitor.
Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy is the unabridged audiobook rendition of international relations expert Eri Hotta's heavily researched and detailed answer to a critical World War II question.
GE-len described these kind of behavior as a "right act" and blamed "others," referring to the government, to call the corruption investigation as a "conspiracy." "They are calling this right act a conspiracy; they are calling the unveiling of treason, infamy as a plot; there are attempts to defend treason and infamy," GE-len added.
When meeting Agarak town residents, Hovannisian set a note of infamy on the governor of Syunik region, Suren Khachatryan,
"Henrik, Hairdryers and The Hand of God" is a book which, as it says in the blurb, lays bare the world of sportswriting in all its glory and infamy.
To describe Cook's email as 'vile' or 'evil' is to give him more infamy than he deserves.
Anderson and Rios are taking advantage of their newfound infamy of being linked to Sheen, turning it into cash with well-paid personal appearances aplenty.