Infanticide

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INFANTICIDE, med. juris. The murder of a new born infant, Dalloz, Dict. Homicide, Sec. 4; Code Penal, 300. There is a difference between this offence and those known by the name of prolicide, (q.v.) and foeticide. (q.v.)
     2. To commit infanticide the child must be wholly born; it is not. Sufficient that it was born so far as the head and breathed, if it died before it was wholly born. 5 Carr. & Payn. 329; 24 Eng. C. L. Rep. 344; S. C. 6 Carr: & Payn. 349; S. C. 25 Eng. C. L. Rep. 433.
     3. When this crime is to be proved from circumstances, it is proper to consider whether the child had attained that size and maturity by which it would have been enabled to maintain an independent existence; whether it was born alive; and, if born alive, by what means it came to its death. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 331 to 428, where these several questions are learnedly considered. See also 1 Briand, Med Leg. prem. part. c. 8 Cooper's Med. Jur. h.t. Vide Ryan's Med. Jur. 137; Med. Jur. 145, 194; Dr. Cummin's Proof of Infanticide considered Lecieux, Considerations Medico-legales sur l'Infanticide; Duvergie, Medicine Legale, art. Infanticide.

References in periodicals archive ?
Department of Justice annual statistics may be taken as establishing the lower bound; BJS reports between 550 and slightly less than 800 infanticides homicides of children under five per annum over the ten year period from 1991 to 2000.
(44.) BJS, INFANTICIDE, supra note 11 (therefore, in total, parents were responsible for sixty-one percent of infanticides).
It lists the penalties for infanticide and abandonment or enslavement of children and urges priests to announce publicly that mothers who have illegitimate children should not kill them but leave them at the church door and thus avoid murder and parricide (222-3).
It would also have required abortionists to ensure that surviving babies be transported immediately to a hospital for care, and would have outlawed "an overt act" meant to kill "a child born alive," i.e., infanticide.
During World War II, German doctors committed infanticide, which was considered a "healing treatment" that prevented suffering.
Filicide is murder of a child by a parent; infanticide is murder of a child within the first year of life; neonaticide is murder of a child within the first 24 hours after birth.
yet the number of infanticides remained relatively constant, implying
Infanticide in our present society seems to be an anachronism, given our relative wealth and the widespread options for women seeking to avoid pregnancy or parenting.
A number of other countries have passed infanticide statutes that mandate consideration of a woman's mental state in infant murder cases that occur within a year after a woman gave birth.
By Adriano Prosperi's own admission, 'no other crime has been studied, analysed and described more' than infanticide (p.