Inference

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Inference

In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

inference

n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bordeaux INFER Annual 2017 Conference was also the opportunity to listen to some prestigious keynotes speakers.
Finally, Barringer's second cause of action regarding J&R's failure to contribute to the employee retirement plan does contain facts sufficient for the court to infer proof of damages and fails to allege facts sufficient for the court to infer that J&R was unjustly enriched.
Since our goal was to infer a sparse network and MANI inferred 10 edges between genes, the top 10 edges inferred by each of the methods were used for comparison.
They analyzed a simple method to infer the user's home location using publicly available attributes and also the geographic information associated with the locatable friends.
The jury can infer conditional intention where the evidence shows there was "a precedent common purpose" (agreement) to carry out the object (the conditional-target crime), if necessary.
Two other variables approached the significant level: the ability to infer the meaning of unknown words in context (voc.infer) and the metacogntiive strategies used to determine meaning (voc.meta).
The court concluded that when evidence indicates a party is aware of circumstances likely to result in future litigation but destroys potentially relevant records without particularized inquiry, a fact-finder may infer that the party probably did so because the records would harm its case.
CIRAS uses patented semantic metadata techniques to infer relationships across huge volumes of information that can come from a wide variety of sources including internal CRM applications, external watchlists, or web pages.
Don't expect prospects to infer the benefits that having this information will bring them- tell them directly.
Having said that, the Supreme Court ruled that the facts recited in the affidavit were sufficient for a reasonable person to logically infer that evidence would be found at Ward's home, without having to resort to any special personal experience.
Demonstrational systems vary greatly along many dimensions; some of these systems use inferencing, whereby the system employs heuristics to guess the generalization from the examples; others do not try to infer the generalizations and instead require the user to describe explicitly which of the examples' properties should be generalized.
We used the linkage between G and D1 loci to infer the genotypes of D1 and D2 in the 39 plants that were not genotyped at the D1 and D2 loci.