Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)


noun allusion, assumption, conclusio, coniectura, conjecture, deduction, guess, hint, hypothesis, illation, implication, impression, inkling, judgment, observation, postulate, postulation, premise, presupposal, presupposition, speculation, supposal, supposition, surmise, suspicion, theorem, theory, thesis, understanding
Associated concepts: evidentiary inference, favorable inferrnce, legal inference, legitimate inference, presumption
Foreign phrases: Expressa nocent, non expressa non nooent.Things expressed may be prejudicial; that which is not expressed will not.
See also: conclusion, conjecture, connotation, construction, determination, generalization, hint, hypothesis, idea, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, mention, presumption, reference, referral, signification, speculation, suggestion, suspicion, uncertainty

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Without language structure to help us distinguish between fact and inference, we must employ other techniques to keep us from acting on inferences as if they were facts.
In other words, an informal statistical inference uses data to make a prediction or conclusion about an uncertain event.
To compute the trust inference, a trust relations network, which is constructed by direct trust model, should be provided in advanced.
A target word describing the inference was identified by the two judges.
In its implicit form, an inference having this pattern could be the following one:
The addition of Inference to DOAR's discovery management and expert witness practice reinforces DOAR's emphasis on reducing the time and cost associated with the manual review of documents through the use of legally acceptable, defensible methodologies and advanced technologies, according to DOAR.
Notwithstanding the new standard offered by Rule 37(e), courts still use culpability-based tests when contemplating adverse inference instructions for failure to maintain electronic files.
In order to explore possible gender differences with regard to drawing backward inferences, a backward inference test in Turkish was developed.
There are many examples of Canadian courts addressing issues of whether particular information can appropriately be used as the basis of an inference in criminal trials.
The article will serve as a peer-reviewed reference for citing the spreadsheet or the two kinds of magnitude-based inference described herein: mechanistic and clinical.
Subskills that have been identified and studied include phonological awareness, vocabulary knowledge, memory, morpho-syntactic knowledge, background knowledge, inference and reasoning skills, metacognitive strategies, as well as a number of additional subskills.
There is an important distinction between an inference and a presumption.