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In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inference also extended its omni-channel capabilities by enabling its virtual agents to provide support over the popular WhatsApp messaging network.
"Inference Studio is an attractive solution for many of our customers because it enables them to build and deploy advanced self-service applications without a team of developers.
As it is difficult for STIs to exist independently, other inferences are bound to participate in individuals' understanding of others' behavior.
This is worrisome enough when it involves inferences. But because computational inference is a statistical technique, it also often gets things wrong -- and it is hard, and perhaps impossible, to pinpoint the source of the error, for these algorithms offer little to no insights into how they operate.
Inference makes it easy for them to manage multiple SKUs that target different segments of the market.
Based on the alleged spoliation, Quick Fitting moves for adverse inferences that encompass most of the elements of its claims that the Wai Feng parties misappropriated trade secrets, violated restrictive covenants and sold it push-fit products with excessive lead content; the motion also seeks other unspecified ('monetary') sanctions, presumably attorney's fees.
The only reasonable inference supported by the state's evidence is that Maack was familiar with the home and her housemates and she desired to keep the children safe in the limited capacity that she could, the court concluded.
But Nvidia faces a headwind selling inference chips because the data center market is blanketed with the CPUs Intel has been selling for 20 years.
With the introduction of this, the Myriad X architecture is capable of 1 Trillion operations per second (TOPS) of compute performance on deep neural network inferences.
Making inferences is a learning strategy that is geared for a reader to make a conclusion drawn from evidence presented in a story.
In the Inference condition, the cameras in the system did not document the speed of the passing vehicles, but rather the precise time at which each vehicle passed by each of two cameras at either end of a section of the road, and the driver's speed in that section was then inferred from the distance between the cameras and the time that had elapsed between the two points.
Aiming at disadvantages of current inference algorithms in dynamic routing IP network, a kind of Variable Structure Discrete Dynamic Bayesian (VSDDB) network model was established, and, according to its simplified model based on assumptions of Markov property and time homogeneity, we proposed a kind of Improved CLINK (ICLINK) algorithm and a kind of Congested Link Inference algorithm based on Lagrangian Relaxation Subgradient (CLILRS).