Inference

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Inference

In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

inference

n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: ESL students, comprehension, literal, reorganization, inferential, assessment
Results of this study indicate that cross-sectional study design, bivariate analysis, and use of SPSS to be the most common study design, inferential statistical analysis, and statistical analysis software programmes, respectively.
The same occured between micro and macro structure inferentials (MaI and MiI), suggesting that all groups have presented more difficulty regarding macrostructure questions, either to literal questions as to inferential.
By enabling an MCU to perform DSP functions in dedicated hardware, allowing it to go into lower-power modes, the overall system power can be reduced while performing more complex inferential calculations.
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However, all advanced computer-driven methods and statistical regression are firmly within the inferential branch of statistics.
You can also use this approach when meta-analyzing crossovers or controlled trials when the authors of a given study have not provided enough inferential information to derive the standard error for their estimate of the effect.
An inferential commitment to this material inference could be expressed through the proposition:
This scenario illustrates an instance of inferential comprehension: part of the terminal repertoire that Head-sprout[R] Reading Comprehension was designed to build.
The focus on the teaching of statistical inference at the graduate level is relevant as the concepts and methods of Inferential Statistics play a vital role in designing and interpreting empirical results in any scientific discipline.