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In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus the foundationalist divides an agent's beliefs into two types, those that are are justified inferentially, and those that are known directly.
Still, it is very doubtful that all of our beliefs are inferentially integrated like this.
In its strong version this strategy has to appeal to subpersonal modules, mental sections where the conflicting beliefs and other linked mental states remain inferentially isolated.
(10) The time-trend analysis presented in Table 1 is inferentially similar using a sample that excludes these regulated industries.
Measurements may be compared at various points in time or otherwise analyzed inferentially.
While some essays in this collection follow Freeman's in explicating English formulations of martyrdom, others focus more narrowly on the career and afterlife of a particular martyr, inferentially drawing conclusions about the conceptualization and changing face of martyrdom.
All voices do not possess that heavenly rapture of haunting seduction we call the "great tone." Yet how many teachers there are who would be glad to admit that they have heard from time to time, in the singing of one or more of their students, isolated tones or phrases which undoubtedly did possess that "seldom rapture" of perfect tonal beauty--transiently, perhaps; only a single note, perhaps; but still the "great tone." From that premise, does it not rather inferentially and pointedly suggest itself to us that if one phrase or even one note can be great, why not, then, every phrase and every note?
Nevertheless, it is not easy to agree with the idea that a fictional world is constructed of the reader's inferences on the basis of the same rules that are active in inferentially completing the actual world, as we can read in Robert L.
[...] Second, at least two other Circuit Courts, and the Supreme Court (inferentially), have determined that [FNC] dismissals are invalid if the district court does not have subject matter jurisdiction.
There is a certain implied consonance among one set of textual features that is not the property of either G or R and thus, inferentially, might represent features of their common source.
In this account, people use language too inferentially and too commonly fail to take the opportunity for careful observation and description prior to making their inferences.
Aquinas calls the distinctive character of a habit its "formal object," and contrasts the character of faith with the character of inferentially based habits like opinion and science.